What confuses most people is the difference between an argumentative essay and an expository essay simply because both of them involve research. The main difference between an argumentative essay and an expository essay is that an argumentative essay involves a lot of research compared to an expository essay. An expository essay is also usually short in length compared to an argumentative essay.
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An argumentative essay comes from the word argument, and for there to be an argument there have to be two opinions about an idea that is contradicting hence arising argument. Argumentative essay is one of the college essays usually examined as the final project for students for middle schools, simply because it involves a lot of investigation and one has to come up with assumptions. In this type of essay, the writer has to establish a position for their claim and support it with evidence to persuade the reader; the reader should not be on the fence about the topic after reading through your essay. Some of these hot topics result from surveys on certain issues affecting the society; then you are asked to write about the controversy of the findings.
Structure of argumentative essays
An argumentative essay follows a specific format; it is not in this essay that you will introduce ideas at your pleasure, you have to follow its format to come up with better content. You should have a clear thesis statement that explains everything in the body in summary. Thesis statement for argumentative essays should be able to review the topic generally and make the reader understand the argument in place. In the first paragraph, you should be able to define your thesis and the importance of the topic so that the reader can be attracted to continue to the body of your essay. There are many ways to write your thesis, but the best way is using the question and answer format. You need to turn the idea of your topic to a question to raise the suspense of the reader. There are various ways of putting your question:
- By presenting it as a fact – in this case, you need to state the idea as a fact to the reader, for example, when you are talking about unemployment in the society, you will say ‘Does unemployment increase crime rate in the society? By placing your thesis in this format, the reader is going to know more about the fact. Hence you will have scored your aim of attracting the reader’s attention.
- By use of definition format – you can also present your topic in the form of a definition, for instance, if you are talking about pollution, you can introduce by asking ‘what is pollution?’
- Using value format-this case you write your question focusing on the importance of doing something.
- Proposal format – while using proposal format, you write your topic informing of a proposal to the user, for example, ‘what you can do to save and avoid extravagance?’
After putting your topic to be in question form, your thesis becomes the answer to the question. A thesis statement is important because it enables the reader to understand the argument.
The transition between the parts of the essay is also important because it determines the flow of your work. The essay contains three main parts: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The structure of an argumentative essay solely depends on the progression of thoughts, and for there to be good progression, one has to link the parts well using good transitional words. An argument has to follow a certain order to make sense, as a writer you have to know when and how to present your claims in the essay. You can ensure the success of the same by wrapping up previous ideas before introducing new points.
The body paragraphs should contain evidential support to be persuasive to the reader. For a claim to be valid, it has to contain support, and in this case, the support is the evidence. Ensure you state the evidence of every claim in your body, and it should be stated together so that you do not find yourself giving evidence of a claim which you stated earlier on in the paragraph, this will lead to automatic confusion of your work. In the arrangement of the paragraphs in the body, be certain to put every idea to its paragraph to enhance clarity of your work.
Discussion of opinions from both parties is key in an argumentative essay. For an argument to occur, there have to be two conflicting opinions about an idea, and it is the responsibility of the writer to convince the reader on one stand using adequate support. You should be able to state ideas of both parties before coming up with your opinion. While developing a stand for your essay be certain to include more points to support your claim so that you can convince the reader to be on your side of the argument.
Introduction to argumentative essays
In argumentative essays, you have to include an introductory paragraph for argumentative essays at the start of your essay to clarify to the reader whatever you are arguing on the topic. In the introductory paragraph, you have to put it clear the idea that is shared by two parties and what makes them differ in opinion. In writing an introduction to an argumentative essay, you have to present the issue at hand and give a small background on the topic, then finish with the argument. The background should give the reader an understanding of the topic; it can include a small history on the topic. To start with your introduction, aim at getting the interest of the reader by saying starting with a proverb, this will attract the attention of the reader who would want to read more about the topic. Immediately at the end of your introduction write a thesis statement adhering to the requirements of a thesis statement, in your thesis statement the essence of the argument on the topic and why you think it is helpful to people.
Titles for argumentative essays
The title of your essay is very important as it determines how much attracting it will be to the reader. When writing an argumentative essay choose one of the hot topics that are interesting to discuss. Your topic should be able to make the reader long to read the content of your essay. To come up with a good title for your essay, you should follow the following guide:
- Start by brainstorming about the topic – before coming up with a title for your essay; you should first jot down the points in the topic so that it can be helpful in coming up with a good title for your work.
- Summarize your whole content – write a title that acts as a summary of your whole content. The title should be able to cater for every idea in your essay. To come up with a better title, jot down the main keywords then find a way of connecting them to make sense.
- Consideration of the audience is also key in coming up with a title – if the teacher going to read your essay is super serious then you should not put up a silly title, but if the reader has a sense of humor then you can proceed and fix any title.
- Using a question – you can also design your title so that it becomes a form of a question. This will even attract the attention of the reader due to the suspense created, the reader would want to know the answer to your question by reading through your work.
Outlines for argumentative essays
Argumentative essays are usually straightforward as the writer is required to attract the reader’s attention and show them the essence of clarifying to them about that topic. You should be able to explain the problem at hand and bring out the controversy that exists in it. Argumentative essays usually take debate format because you have to give both opinions on the topic before coming to your stand. When you come to your stand, you have to give enough support to persuade the reader to fall in your opinion. Every essay usually adopts the general format of introduction, the body and the conclusion and argumentative essay is not an exception to this format.
- Introduction – in your introduction explain the controversy on the topic accompanied by a small background. After the introduction, be certain to include a thesis statement that reflects what the reader would expect in the body paragraphs.
- The body – in the body you should give clear debate of opinions from both sides and their support. Every claim should be accompanied by evidence. At the start of your essay, you should be able to know where you will fall into the argument so that you can include more point finally on the side in your body paragraphs. You should organize your points to avoid contradiction, which will bring about confusion.
- Conclusion – in conclusion, you should be able to give your stand and support your argument to convince the reader that indeed you are right.
Conclusions for argumentative essays
In writing of an argumentative essay, the conclusion is very key because it gives your stand about the argument. When you start your conclusion, you should be able to let the reader know that you are winding up using conclusion transition words for argumentative essays. Some of this words that can be used to introduce the conclusion include; ‘to wind up,’ ‘finally’ ‘to finish with’ among others. You should not introduce a new argument in conclusion; all the arguments and support should be in the body of your essay. The conclusion is divided into three parts:
- The first part is restating the premise of your argument to the reader to remind them the essence of the argument.
- The second part is coming up with sentences that summarize your argument and evidence accurately according to the main premise.
- The last part is giving consequence to acting as a warning for not following your premise to the reader. This is an art of convincing the reader that indeed your opinion is the way to go in the argument. You can also include the benefit of following your opinion to make it convective.
Topics for argumentative essays
There are several good topics for argumentative essay depending on the fight that they can put up in people. A good topic should have many points of argument by having so many angles of controversy. When it comes to choosing a topic, make sure that the topic is debatable and you are passionate about it. It is good to choose on a topic that you have sufficient facts about because in your essay you will be required to give support for every claim and at the end of your essay, you should convince the reader to take your side of the debate. Some of the topics include:
- Should same-sex marriage be prohibited?
- Should the government restrict gun ownership for citizens?
- Should nuclear weapons be banned?
Examples of argumentative essays
To advance your writing skills on argumentative essays, it is good to go through various samples of essays written by other authors. When you go through an example of an argumentative essay, you get to know how to organize your points in the body paragraph for your essay. You can easily note the mistakes made by other writers and avoid the same when it comes to your essay. These samples are available from various sources on the internet such as journals, articles, books and even magazines. In newspapers, most emerging issues are usually debatable, and by going through such, you will be able to know some of the transition words to apply in writing your argumentative essay.