A Virtual Library of Useful URLs – 900-919 History & Geography

900 History

Best of History Web Sites. An award-winning portal of history sites, rated for usefulness and accuracy. Find the best history sites from these categories: Prehistory, Ancient / Biblical, Medieval, U.S. History, Early Modern European, 20th Century, World War II, Art History, General Resources, Maps, Lesson Plans, Activities, and Research (Links to History Resources).

BrainyHistory. Today’s History and Birthdays, Events by Days of this Month, Events by Month, Events by Year. Events in History, Birthdays in History, Deaths in History, Years in History: Year 1 – 2002.

History Timelines – The History Beat. Links to world history by regions, by time periods, by subjects. Featured topics include: American Revolution, Civil Rights Movement, US Civil War (American Civil War), Great Depression, Korean War, Kosovo in Context, World War I, and World War II.

Humbul Humanites Hub: Online History Resources. Includes Primary and Secondary Sources. Searchable By Period, By Intended Audience, or Search All Records.

Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Collections of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts. Main History Sourcebooks include: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern. Subsidiary History Sourcebooks include: African, East Asian, Global, Indian, Jewish, Islamic, Lesbian/Gay, Science, and Women. Special Resources include: Byzantium, Medieval Web, Medieval NYC (New York City), Medieval Music, Saints’ Lives, Ancient Law, Medieval Law, and Films.

On This Day – Front Page News from BBC. Search by Date. Search News by Year from 1950 – . Search News by Themes. Witness Accounts. Reports from Top Correspondents – Past 50 Years. A-Z Index of bbc.co.uk. See also BBC History: Ancient History, Historic Figures, History for Kids, Multimedia Zone, Wars and Conflict, and more.

This Day in History from The History Channel. Choose a day and a category to find out what happened on this day. Categories include: Automotive, Civil War History, Cold War History, Crime History, Entertainment History, Literary History, Old West History, Technology History, Vietnam War History, Wall Street History, WWII History, and More of Today’s Headlines. Photographs included where available.

Today in History from MightyCool.com. Find out what important events happened on this day in history. Includes famous birthdays on this day and ways to search the history database. This is the abridged version of Today In History.

What day of the week were you born? Enter your birthday, then hit the “Tell Me” button.


902 Historical chronology, (History – Chronology), (Dates, Historical), (Timeline), (Timelines)

AlternaTime. A large collection of timelines. Timeline categories: History and Culture, Science and Technology, Arts and Literature, Popular Culture and Current Events, and Science Fiction. (Slow loading).

dMarie Time Capsule. Type a birthday: MM/DD/YYYY, and find out what happened On This Day in History. You can edit the information, or add your own information to the final page for printout.

HyperHistory Online presents 3000 years of world history with a combination of colorful graphics, lifelines, timelines, and maps.

Timelines of History. An amazing site, packed full of historical facts around the world from ancient to current times. What you cannot find elsewhere, you will probably find it here. From Days in History, select any date, such as May 14. Site will list important historical events that happened on May 14 in 347, 649, 1264, 1878 … to 2004. Includes: History of the World from Big Bang to 999 A.D.; Years 1000-1899; 20th Century 1900-2000; 21st Century 2001-2004; History of States and Cities of U.S.A.; History of World Countries A-Z, History by Assorted Subjects: Aircrashes, Artists, Baseball, Black-History, Catastrophes, CIA-FBI, Computers, Dow Jones, Earthquakes, Environment, Fashion, Historians, Films, Foods, Games-Toys, Jazz, Labor, Medical, Money, NASA, Nobels, Philosophers, Technology, Television, Theater, Wine, Women Writers, US-Presidents, and Writers.

World History Chronology. Timelines: From Evolution of the Hominids: 5,000,000 – 25,000 BC to Formation of World Culture 1800 to The Present.

909 World history, World politics

American & British History Resources on the Internet. A Research & Reference Gateway providing links to numerous scholarly resources. Contents: Reference Resources, Archival and Manuscript Guides, General History Portals, Sites Organized by Subject and Period, Full-text Documents by Period, History Associations & History Listservs. Includes Civil War Resources on the Internet: Abolitionism to Reconstruction (1830’s – 1890’s), and Afro-American History and Culture.

AwesomeStories.com: Click2History. Primary source material covering wide range of topics, including: Slave Voices, Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Highlights of the American Revolution, Assassination of John F. Kennedy, Unforgettable Sights: American Civil War, Auschwitz: Place of Horrors, Holocaust: Evidence of Intent, Cuban Missile Crisis, Korean War: Story Behind the Conflict, Vietnam: Sights & Sounds of War, “Jim Crow” Laws, Joan of Arc: Girl Warrior, Death of a Tsar, Instruments of Torture, Gladiators and Emperors, Book Burning Through the Ages, Magna Carta, The Great Depression, and others.

Government Gazettes Online. Directory of online government gazettes from University of Michigan School of Information. Select a country from A-Z for direct links to Government Gazettes, which are notices, newspapers, information bulletins published by federal governments worldwide.

HistoryCentral.com. Contents: World History Chronology (Prehistory Eras through 1400, 1400-1900, and 20th Century), America’s Wars (War of 1812, Civil War, Korean War, Vietnam War, Desert Storm), Online Almanacs, History of Presidential Elections, Primary Sources in American history, History Maker Biographies (20th century’s 500 most important people), Trains, planes & ships.

Silk Road Seattle from University of Washington. Uses the “Silk Road” theme to explore cultural interaction across Eurasia from the beginning of the Common Era (A.D.) to the 17th Century. Contents include: Virtual Art Exhibit, Cities and Architecture (China, India, Uzbekistan, Iran, Jordan, Syria, and Turkey), Traditional Cultures in Central Asia, Maps, Historical Texts, Teaching/Learning Guides,and more.

World History from HistoryWorld.net includes over 400 histories, 200 tours through time, and a quick glance at What When Where. Themes covered: architecture, literature, music, the arts, regions, empires, nations, politics, religion, social history, economics, travel, science, technology, medicine, war and weapons. Time periods range from more than 10,000 years ago to present day.

World History Sources from the Center for History & New Media (CHNM), George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Guide to the best online primary source archives in world history.

909.07 Crusades, (Church history – 600-1500, Middle Ages)

Crusades from the Catholic Encylopedia. Contents include their origin and details of the eight crusades with maps and numerous links. “The origin of the Crusades is directly traceable to the moral and political condition of Western Christendom in the eleventh century.”

The Crusades from Internet Medieval Sourcebook.

Medieval Crusades. Site explores the various facets of the Crusades which lasted about 250 years.


909.08 Modern history

Internet Modern History Sourcebook. Links to full texts of books. A massive site. Topics include: Reformation, European Exploration, English Civil War, Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment, American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, 19th Century Isms, Socialism and Marxism, Darwin, Freud, Einstein, World War I, Russian Revolution, Nazism and World War II, Holocaust, and more.

909.09 Medieval civilization, (Medieval history), Middle Ages – History

The Alchemy Web Site. Alchemy is the medieval attempt to change base metals into gold. This massive site includes over 90 megabytes of information on alchemy in all its facets, with over 2000 images, over 200 complete alchemical texts. Includes 18 downloadable midi files of alchemical music.

Argos: Limited Area Search of the Ancient and Medieval Internet has been offline since Feb. 6, 2003. Links previously listed on this site provided direction to the following resources relating to Ancient and Medieval History on the WWW:

Abzu. Guide to information related to the study of the Ancient Near East on the Web;

Byzantium. Byzantine Studies on the Internet;

External Gateway to Classics Resources on the Web from University of Cambridge. Web resources in all areas of classical studies, arranged under six headings: Literature, Philosophy & Science, History, Art History and Archaeology, Linguistics & Philology, and General Info;

Exploring Ancient World Cultures. Resources on ancient Near East, ancient India, ancient Egypt, ancient China, ancient Greece, ancient Rome, early Rome and medieval Europe;

The Labyrinth. Resources for Medieval Studies;

The Perseus Digital Library. Primary and secondary sources for the study of ancient Greece and Rome;

Resources for Roman Art and Archeology from University of Pennsylvania.

The Britannia Lexicon. A-Z dictionary of legal, feudal, chivalric, monastic, military and architectural terms used in Medieval Britain.

Medieval and Renaissance Lathes by Thomas Rettie. Includes Building a 16th Century Wheel Barrow.

Medieval Cookery. Medieval Recipes, Medieval Menus, Knowledge Commons – Medieval Food, A Database of Ingredients – What’s period where?

Historical Figurines. Site contains historical and legendary figurines made of tin, handcrafted in France, priced for sale in Euro or US$. Includes Medieval figurines as well as Egyptian, Military, Samurai, Chess game, and other figurines. Images may be enlarged for better viewing.

Illuminating the Renaissance – (Getty Exhibitions). Step into the Renaissance through the world of illuminated books. Zoom & Explore exquisite details of these books which inspired and documented religious, political, and moral life during the Renaissance. Contents include: Fashion of the Times, Meet the kings, queens, dukes, and lords who commissioned the illuminated books, Tales of romance, history, and mythology, Renaissance in 3-D, Artists who made books and how they did it, and more.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook. Includes: Selected Sources – an index of selected and excerpted texts for teaching purposes; Full Text Sources arranged according to type; and Saints’ Lives devoted to Ancient, Medieval and Byzantine hagiographical sources.

Medieval & Renaissance Europe: Primary Historical Documents.

Medieval fairies: Now you see them, now you don’t by Jeremy Harte.

Medieval History. Topics covered include: Castles, Crusades, King Arthur, Knights & Armor, Renaissance, Reformation, Arts & Literature, Daily Life, Military History, People, Religion, Science & Medicine in Medieval times.

Medieval Macabre: Supernatural and Fantastic Imagery of the Middle Ages. “These illustrations of Medieval Devils, Demons, Witches, & Monsters are from authentic period sources. There are no 20th century-inspired fantasy images in this collection.” Site includes: 5 galleries of 150 images, Hans Holbein Alphabet of Death, Hans Holbein Dance of Death, Feast for the Eyes, Tales of the Middle Ages, and Medieval Woodcuts Clipart Collection. Viewer caution advised.

The Medieval Science Page edited by James McNelis. Extensive links to Internet resources on medieval science.

Mostly Medieval. Information on various aspects of life in Britain during the Middle Ages. Contents: Explore (Medieval and Celtic Clip Art, Early Music), Ballads, Beasties (Fabulous Beasts in Myth, Legend, and Heraldry), Book of Days (Calendar Jan. to Dec. Origins of Names of Months, Holy Days and Festivals), God and War (Abbeys and Priories, Celtic Church, Knights Templar, Religious Orders – Religion, Christianity, Patron Saints), Heraldry, and Medicine (including Folk Remedies).

NetSERF: The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources. Features a Medieval Glossary, Top Medieval Sites (ORB, Internet Medieval Sourcebook, Labyrinth, and ARGOS Search Engine), Medieval News, and others. Contains close to 1500 links to great Medieval sites.

The ORB (Online Reference Book) for Medieval Studies. Includes: ORB Encyclopedia, Library, Reference Shelf, Resources for Teaching, Medieval Studies for the Nonspecialist, and Links to External Sites.

The Path to Royal Absolutism: Renaissance and Early 17th Century from Creating French Culture (Library of Congress Exhibition): Treasures from the Bibliothèque Nationale de France.

Resources for Medieval Studies. Including Sites for Late Antique, Early Church and Byzantine Studies from University of Pennsylvania, School of Arts and Sciences.

910 Geography, Travel

For Foreign Languages for Travelers, see 400 Language.

About.com Top Tourist Destinations. List of the world’s top tourist destinations by countries and the number of visitors for each country. See also World’s Top Tourism Destinations from infoplease.com.

Accommodation Line – Discount Hotel Reservation

Air Travel

Airline Quality Rating (AQR). An objective method of comparing airline quality on combined multiple performance criteria of American Airlines. Includes AQR Report Card – Ranking of U.S. Airlines from 1991 to 2004. See also Travel: The World’s Best Airports and a Slide Show of the World’s Best Airports from Forbes.com, Travel by Air: Health Considerations – in PDF, Dehydrating Cabing Air, and Fast Facts – Ten strategies for air travellers by Diana Fairechild, Air Travel Health News.

Airline Toll-Free Numbers and Websites. See also:

  • Major Airlines @ Smilin’ Jack’s
  • Airlines of North America: Canada, Mexico, United States
  • Flight Baggage Allowance – rough guide, provided by the world’s airlines
  • Top 10 flight tips
  • Smart Travel Tips – Today Show’s Travel Detective Shares Best Tips – Airlines
  • Air Travel Made Simple
  • Alzheimer’s Association: Airplane Travel Tips for Care Partners

Air travel in the United States from Transportation Security System, U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

  • Key Travel Tips – Tips to help you reduce your wait time at the security checkpoint.
  • Prepare for Takeoff.
  • Wait Time Information.
  • Air Travel – Prohibited Items.
  • Transporting Special Items – Alcoholic Beverages, Firearms & Ammunition, Food & Beverages, Hunting & Fishing, Lighters and Matches, Medications, Musical Instruments, Photographic Equipment & Film, Sporting Equipment …
  • Traveling with Children.
  • Special Considerations – U.S. Military Personnel, Religious or cultural needs, Pets, Film …
  • Persons with Disabilities & Medical Conditions.
  • Security Awareness – Look and Listen – Be Smart – Be Vigilant…
  • Air Travel FAQs.

Greater Toronto Airports Authority Greater Toronto Airports Authority. Canada’s Gateway to the World.

  • Arrival Tips, Departure Tips, Connection Tips.
  • FAQ.
  • Flight Search displays a 14-hour rolling window of flight information for all arrivals and departures out of Pearson International Airport in Toronto.

All Country Info. Detailed information on 200+ countries and territories spanning the entire world. Reference information includes national geography, econonomic data, demographic statistics, country maps and flags, descriptions of national military forces, overviews of each country’s governmental structure, data on transportation and telecommunications, and more.

America on the Go: U.S. Holiday Travel from Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation. Brief analytical reports from National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) on the travel habits and behavior of more than 26,000 U.S. households.

BrainyGeography. Every place in the U.S.A. Browse by State, Browse by Feature – airport, beach, church, forest, island, lake, oilfield … , by Definitions, Top 10 Place Names: Airport Names, Dam Names, Park Names.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – Travelers Health. Travelers’ Health Hotline: Phone toll free 877-FYI-TRIP (877-394-8747). Contents include: Announcements, News and Highlights.

  • Destinations: Choose the region that contains the destinations on your itinerary.
  • Travel Notices Including Outbreaks
  • Travel-Related Diseases
  • Vaccinations: Information for Travelers
  • Protection Against Mosquitoes and Other Arthropods
  • Safe Food and Water for Travelers
  • Travel Medicine Clinics in the United States
  • Health Information for International Travel: The “Yellow Book”
  • Vaccination Information & Yellow Fever Vaccine Requirements and Information on Malaria Risk and Prophylaxis, by Country
  • Special Needs Travelers
  • Traveling with Children
  • International Travelers with Disabilities
  • Pregnancy, Breast-Feeding, and Travel
  • General Information Regarding HIV and Travel
  • Traveling with Pets
  • International Adoptions
  • Medical Examination of Aliens (Refugees and Immigrants)
  • Communicable Diseases of Public Health Significance & Vaccine Preventable Diseases
  • Cruise Ships and Air Travel
  • Illness and Injury Abroad
  • See Travel.State.Gov below for more travel information.

China – Travel from Chinatown Online.co.uk. Contents include: General travel information, Visa requirements, Top tips, Regions of China Guide, Views of China Gallery, Beijing Slide Shows, Wild Animals of China Guide, Hong Kong Slide Shows, Old, New & Timeless China Slide Shows.

CountryReports.org. Find factual information on countries around the world. World Countries, Current Weather, Country Flags, or National Anthems. The new 2005 edition contains over 26,000 country pages.

Countries of the World. Abbreviations (Internet Country Codes), Facts, Flags, Maps, with links to National Anthems.

Ctrip.com – China Trip. Leading online travel service in China. Specializes in booking online for discounted airline ticket reservations and hotel accommodations for over 3000 hotels in China. Includes comprehensive travel information and travel guides on China. Targets primarily business and leisure travelers in China who do not travel in group. See also Chinese Visa Application.

ExecutivePlanet.com. Business Culture Guides for the international traveller covering business culture, customs, and etiquette worldwide of the 35 top trading partner nations of the United States.

Expedia.com for United States. Book a flight, reserve a room, rent a car. Fast round trip fare finder. Expedia.com is available internationally:

  • Canada - Expedia.ca Canada – Expedia.ca
  • United Kingdom – Expedia.co.uk
  • France – Expedia.fr
  • Germany – Expedia.de
  • Italy – Expedia.it
  • Netherlands – Expedia.nl.

Fodors Online Travel Guides. Choose a destination from around the world.

FXCheatsheet: Travelers Currency Cheat Sheet – Foreign Exchange Cheat Sheet for Travelers from OANDA (Olsen & Associates) – The Currency Site. Create and print a pocket-size currency converter table for your next trip.

Geographia. Destinations: Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Europe, and Latin America. Includes video and audio clips, photographs, information about places, people, history, nature, activities, features, fun, essentials, and calendar.

GeographyIQ. Online world atlas with geographic, economic, political, historical and cultural information. Links to World Maps, Rankings (rank countries and territories by more than 50 geographic, demographic, economic and military criteria), Foreign Currency Converter, and more.

Geography World. Lots of links. Geography Topics include: Geographic links for Teachers, Geography Games, Geography News & Quizzes, Land & Water, Maps & Globes, Travel Sites, Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Weather, Climate, World Geography, World Populations, and many more.

GEsource – General Geography and Environmental Science. GEsource provides access to high quality Internet resources in Geography and the Environment through five distinct subject gateways: Environment, General Geography, Human Geography, Physical Geography, and Techniques and Approaches.

Hotel-Rates.com – U.S. Hotels – Site Map. Hotel reservations online since 1999. Search a city directly for hotel info and reservation, or select a state and browse hotels in various cities. Includes Information Center-FAQ’s.

How to See the World. Art of Travel: European and World Backpacking, On $25 a Day or Less.

Lonely Planet Online. World travel guides.

New Requirements for Travelers from U.S. Department of State. The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 requires that by January 1, 2008, travelers to and from the Caribbean, Bermuda, Panama, Mexico and Canada have a passport or other secure, accepted document to enter or re-enter the United States.

Orbitz – Visit Planet Earth. Quick Flight Search (find lowest air fare from over 450 airlines and 2 billion fares), Hotels, Cars, Cruise Search, Packages, Deals, Travel Watch, and Travel Tools including Foreign Currency exchange.

Pamela Lanier’s Bed & Breakfast Guide Online. Search Geographically by city, state, country, proximity, or Search by Inn’s name.

Pilot Guides – Destination Guide. The ultimate adventure travel resource. Pick a Destination – Explore adventure travel guides, cultural articles, and stories from Pilot Productions tv shows.

Roadside America – Guide to Uniquely Odd Tourist Attractions. Mainly in United States and Canada.

Rocket Fare: The Discount Travel Search Engine Online. Find discounts on flights, hotels, car rentals, cruises, trains, vacation packages, hostels, limos and airport parking reservations.

Round-the-World Travel Guide. Planning and preparing a trip around the world.

SearsTravel.ca SearsTravel.ca. Canada’s online travel merchant. Build a trip, book a flight, choose flights between two cities, one way or round trip.

Tipping.org – The Original Tipping Page.

  • Definitions of Gratuity, Tip
  • Tipping Guide – United States
  • Tipping Guide – International: Hong Kong, India, Israel, New Zealand, Russia
  • World Rates
  • Microsoft Excel Tips Spreadsheet
  • Tipping Etiquette Guide by James G. Lewis, FindaLink.net. Includes: Pre-tax or post-tax? Christmas Holiday Tipping Etiquette, Airport, Ground transportation, Hotel, Tipping at a Bed and Breakfast (B&B), Tour guides, Cruise ships, Restaurants or bars, Double time, Barbers, salons, spas, Country club, Weddings, Funeral Etiquette, Tipping Caterers, Tipping Movers, Emergency roadside service, Miscellaneous services (Car wash, Shoeshine, Pet sitters …), Tipping for Deliveries, Full-Service Gas Stations, Casino Tipping, Tip Jars.
  • Worldwide Tipping Guide: Country, Restaurants, Porters, Taxis. Plus General Tipping Information for Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Middle East / Africa, Central / South America, from Magellan’s Travel Supplies.
  • How to Tip Properly from eHow.com.
  • How to Tip Properly in North America.
  • How to Tip in a Foreign Country.
  • Tips on Holiday Tipping from Emily Post.
  • Tips on Tipping. Business Travel Resources from Inc.com.
  • Insider’s Guide to Tipping. Lists standard amounts for tipping in New York City: Restaurants, Hotels, Taxis, Airport, Personal Care, Sports Arena.
  • Guide to Tipping from Oprah.com: Restaurants, Salons, Hotels, Gratuity Advice for the Holidays.

Tips & Tricks for Laptop Computer Equipped Travelers from RoadNews. This site contains all the information you need to know if you are traveling with a computer.

The Travel Doctor provides valuable travel tips, information, and advice for world travellers.

Travel.State.Gov from U.S. Department of State.

  • Information for Foreign Citizen Traveling to the U.S.
  • Traveling to and Arriving in the U.S. Information for Foreign Students – This page from Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, U.S. Department of State.
  • Americans Traveling Abroad
  • International Travel
  • New Requirements for Travelers: The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 requires that by January 1, 2008, travelers to and from the Caribbean, Bermuda, Panama, Mexico and Canada have a passport or other secure, accepted document to enter or re-enter the United States.
  • Tips for Traveling Abroad
  • Registration with Embassies – Travel Registration Home Page
  • Safety Issues
  • Health Issues: Medical Information for Americans Traveling Abroad
  • Emergencies and Crises – What the State Department Does and What can the State Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs do for Americans caught in a disaster or a crisis abroad.
  • Links to United States Embassies and Consulates Worldwide
  • Travel Brochures. Free to download and print. Topics include: Tips for Older Americans, Women Traveling Alone, Students … Tips for Travelers to Canada, the Caribbean, Central and South America, Mexico, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East & North Africa, Russia, China, South Asia …
  • Current Travel Warnings
  • Consular Information Sheets: Select a country from A-Z.
  • Current Public Announcements: Information about terrorist threats and other relatively short-term conditions that pose significant risks or disruptions to Americans.
  • Avian Flu Fact Sheet
  • Winter Olympics 2006 Fact Sheet.

Travel Tips from BBC: Before you go, General tips, Healthy and safe, Local know-how. See also:

  • Travel Tips to Send You Packing by Alex Halperin, BusinessWeek Online. Five Tips for Cheap and Great Vacations.
  • Information for Travellers from Transport Canada Safety & Sustainability Tips for Travellers: Air, Marine, Rail, Road – Information for Travellers from Transport Canada. Including: “Do not joke about hijackings or bombings. It is against the law.” Passenger’s Luggage with links to Lists of common items that may be prohibited due to the presence of Dangerous Goods. A-Z Index.
  • Canadian Air Transport Security Authority How to make travelling a more enjoyable experience for Leisure, Occasional Travellers, from Canadian Air Transport Security Authority.
  • Canadian Air Transport Security Authority image Useful tips that will help you proceed through pre-board screening more efficiently for Business, Frequent Travellers, from Canadian Air Transport Security Authority.
  • Magellan’s Travel Advice: Travel Tips, Travel Articles, and Country Guides.
  • 1000 Traveltips on Asia, Latin America, Middle East, and Africa, from 1000traveltips.org.
  • 10 Tips for Smarter Packing, and
  • Wartime Travel Tips from Fodors.com.
  • Travel Tips from eHow.com.

Travelocity.com. Search for Flights (lowest round trip fares), Lodging, Cars, Vacations, and Cruises by dates, number of travelers, price range, location, etc. Select a place to view Destination Guides with Maps, Best Time to Visit, and Background Information. Reservations for more than 400 airlines, 50,000 hotels, and 50 car rental companies.

TripAdvisor.com. Unbiased reviews of hotels, resorts and vacations. Recommendations for hotels, resorts, inns, vacations, travel packages, vacation packages, travel guides, and more. Destinations include USA, Caribbean, Europe, Mexico, Canada, and South Pacific.

Wikitravel – free world-wide travel guide. Some 4163 destination guides and articles written and edited by Wikitravellers from around the globe.

Yahoo! Travel. Make reservations for travel: Air, Car, Hotel, Vacations, Cruises, and Specials. Select travel interests by destination, by activity, or by lifestyle. Also includes Daily Travel Tip, Travel Newsletter, Travel Bargain News, Best Fares, Search for Roundtrip Flights, and more.

910.3 Gazetteers

AllRefer.com Reference – North America Gazetteer.

Gazetteer: Home Town Locator. U.S. Gazetteer of Physical Features, Cultural Features and Census 2000 Information. Search for a Populated Place (city, town, village or neighborhood) in the U.S and Territories. Search Census Records by City, Town and Village, by County, or by Zip Code with links to maps and aerial photos.

Gazetteers. Oddens’ Bookmarks – The fascinating world of maps and mapping.

University of Ottawa Map Library Gazetteers. From University of Ottawa Map Library. Links to Geographic names information on the Internet: Canadian names (Natural Resources Canada), U.K. Names (Ordnance Survey), U.S. Names (U.S. Census Bureau), World names, excluding U.S. (U.S. National Imagery and Mapping Agency)

Gazetteers and Place Names. From Ohio State University Libraries. Categories include: U.S. Gazetteers, World Gazetteers and Place Information, Foreign Country and Area Gazetteers, Place Names Identified and Shown on Maps, Distances and Metasites.

The World Gazetteer. View current population figures for cities, towns and places of all countries, find the largest cities in the world, view images of current national flags.


911 Historical atlases, (Historical maps), (Historical geography – Maps)

Antique & Historical Maps of Britain.

The Atlas of Canada - History image The Atlas of Canada – History. Contents include: Historical Indian Treaties Map, Aboriginal Peoples circa 1630, 1740, & 1823 Maps, New France circa 1740 Map, Briitish North America circa 1823 Map, Territorial Evolution, 1867 to 1999 Map, The Search for a Northwest Passage 1576 to 1587 Map, The Atlantic Coast and Saint Lawrence River 1603 to 1607 Map, The Great Lakes 1654 to 1670 Map, and many more.

Historical Maps of Canada Exploration, Colonization and Development: Index to Historical Maps of Canada. Contents include: Map of the world, 1508, North America, ca. 1566, North Pole 1595, Hudson Bay region 1612, Champlain’s map 1632, Prince Edward Island 1765, Canadian Arctic 1853, British Columbia 1871, Manitoba 1871, Ottawa 1876, Indian reserves 1891, Canada and the British Empire 1902, Exploring the Arctic 1904, Historical Atlas of Canada 1987-1993, and many more.

Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century. Historical maps of the world. If you don’t need instructions to access the maps, start here.

Historical Maps of the United States. Categories: Early Inhabitants, Exploration and Settlement (1540-1890), U.S. Territorial Growth (1775-1970), Military History Maps (1755-1967), Later Historical Maps (1783-1917), Maps of National Historic Sites, plus U.S. Historical Maps on Other Web Sites.

Historical Maps of Canada photo Historical Maps of Canada from Canadian Geographic. Click on timelime buttons (1700-1999) to switch maps.

Historical Maps Online from University of Illinois Library & University of Illinois Press. Digitized maps from Illinois and the Old Northwest, as well as topographic maps of Illinois.

The Mapmakers: An Essay in Four Parts. Pathfinders and Passageways. Mapmaking: 16th Century, 17th Century, 18th Century, and Map Production.

The Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe. Online maps showing countries of Europe at the end of each century from AD 1 to AD 2000.

The Yale Map Collection – Online Maps. Antiquarian Maps – World Maps, The Americas, Asia and the Middle East, The Far East and the Pacific, Africa, Europe, Cartographic Curiosities – specialty maps, odd, curious, and fanciful maps. Historical City Maps – American Cities, European Cities.

912 Maps, Atlases

Allrefer.com World Maps with links to Background & Country Profile, Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications, Transportation, Military, Transnational Issues & International Disputes, and Flag.

BrainyAtlas. Includes Reference Maps in JPG or PDF format, Airports – United States Airports and Global Airports, Flags of the World, and Appendix – Abbreviations, International Organizations, Selected International Environmental Agreements, Cross-Reference List of Country Data Codes, of Hydrographic Data Codes, and Geographic Names.

Canadian Geographic - World of Maps Canadian Geographic – World of Maps. See also Interactive World Maps, Map Maker – Make your own maps of Canada, and Game Room.

Census Bureau Map Products. Links to Reference Maps and Thematic Maps (include Centers of Population: 1790 to 2000, and Population Distribution of the United States: 2000 & 1990) from U.S. Census Bureau.

Free Blank Outline Maps of the Countries and Continents of the World from www.nationsonline.org. Select a country from A-Z list. You can print out a blank outline map of any continent or country, any one of the 50 U.S. States, or any one Canadian Province or Territory of your choice.

General Map Sites from Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas. Very extensive list of links to a wide variety of map sites.

Holiday Maps. Find maps for your holiday destination.

How far is it? Calculates distance between your selection of two places as the crow flies. Shows directions in degrees and distance in miles, km, and nautical miles. Provides longitudes and latitudes for locations selected.

Internet Catalogue: Maps – Worldwide. Covers: Worldwide WWW map catalogues, gazetteers, Atlases, City, Globes, Physical, Political, Topographic, Tourist, World, Thematic maps, Climate and weather, Economy, Ethnology and Atlas of Cultures, Geographic information systems (GIS), Geology, Population, Seismic and earthquakes, Traffic, Vegetation, Planetary system, and many other maps.

Map and Geography. From National Geographic.com. Select a country and view in Dynamic Maps, Atlas Maps, Flags and Facts. Links to Critical Mass (Biodiversity Atlas of U.S. and Canada), Star Journey (scan night skies with map of the heavens), and Round Earth Flat Maps. Download and print high-resolution National Geographic Magazine Maps.

Map History / History of Cartography: THE Gateway to the Subject.

Map of the United States of America – States & Capitals. Clean colorful map with activity to test your knowledge, from Luventicus Academy of Sciences. Similar tests also available for Maps of Africa, Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.

MapQuest. Find a location and print out an instant map. Site includes Maps, Driving Directions, Road Trip Planning and Yellow Pages.

Map-Zone.net. Maps and country information for countries all over the world. Besides providing a clear and simple map, site provides pertinent info for each country: Official name, Capital, Area (total area, water, & land – in sq km), Location, Geographic coordinates, Comparative Area (with a US location or state), Land boundaries, Border countries, Coastline, Terrain, and Elevation extremes.

MSN Maps & Directions. Find a map and get driving directions. Provides fast and accurate mapping and trip planning free-of-charge. Includes links to Quick Maps for all countries: World Atlas, United States, Canada, Mexico, Europe.

Multimap.com: Online Maps to Everywhere. Choose a country to search, narrow down to street and city.

Outline Maps. Houghton Mifflin gives you permission to print or download any of the outline maps (mainly of the world and continents) for your personal use.

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas. Maps of General Interest include: The World, Africa, The Americas, Asia, Australia and the Pacific, Europe, Middle East, Polar Regions and Oceans, Russia and the Former Soviet Republics, The United States (with over 700 maps), Texas, Texas Counties, plus links to Country and Regional Maps, City Maps, State Maps and Historical Maps, as well as Electronic Cartographic Reference Resources.

Quick Maps. Select a country A-Z to view a map of the country.

World Atlas: Maps and Geography of the World from About.com. Select from Alphabetical Listing of Countries and Continents, Blank Outline Maps of Each Country, Countries Listed by Continent & Region, U.S. States and Territories, Cities of the World, Oceans, Territories and Dependencies, plus The CIA World Factbook. For each country, site includes maps, geography and data, plus information on major cities.

WorldAtlas.com World Maps. Graphic Maps presents World Atlas. Includes Maps of the World, Maps featuring latitude and longitude lines with explanations, the 4 hemispheres, major seas, largest islands, largest countries, world outline maps, and more.

Xpeditions Atlas. Maps made for printing and copying from National Geographic. Select detailed or basic map of World, Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, South America, Canada, United States or Mexico. Site includes the amazing virtual Xpedition Hall, Geography Standards, Activities to use geography to complete a variety of missions, plus classroom-tested Lesson Plans that address all of the U.S. National Geography Standards, the five geography skills, and the main geographic perspectives.

Yahoo! Maps. Excellent site with detailed street maps. Map an address of your choice (in U.S. or Canada). Get map, get driving directions on how to get there from another address of your choice. Zoom in or out. Print map or email map to a friend.

Zoom Into Maps. 1. Hometown, USA: Local Geography; 2. Exploration and Discovery; 3. Migration and Settlement; 4. Travel and Transportation; 5. Environmental History; 6. Military Maps; 7. Pictorial Maps; 8. Maps of Today; 9. Unusual Maps.

912.73 United States – Maps (includes topographic maps)

Map Collections 1500-2004. The focus of Map Collections is Americana and Cartographic Treasures of the Library of Congress. These images were created from maps and atlases and are organized according to seven major categories: Cities and Towns, Conservation and Environment, Cultural Landscapes, Military Battles and Campaigns, Discovery and Exploration, Transportation and Communication, General Maps.

TopoZone. Interactive digital topographical or topo map information for United States. Choice of scales (in both meters and miles) and maps sizes. Search by any place name, or by Latitude and Longitude.

U.S. Gazetteer. From U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 Census data. Search for places, towns, cities, and counties by entering the place name and state abbreviation (optional), or 5-digit zip code. Select options and have the map redrawn to your liking.

917.1 Canada – Description, National parks and reserves – Canada, (Canada – Travel)

Bed and Breakfast Expo in Canada Bed and Breakfast Expo. Showcases Canada’s bed and breakfast homes and inns. Color photographs and descriptions are included to indicate the kind of accommodations featured.

Canada Travel Canada Travel & Tourism Guide. Site features online hotel reservations, Canadian attractions, weather, restaurants, transportation, events, shopping and more. Use the Canada maps, photo gallery and travel articles to preview the places you plan to visit.

Canadian Cultural Profiles Project Cultural Profiles Project. From Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Each cultural profile provides an overview of life and customs in a profiled country. Search in alphabetical order over 80 countries from where immigrants have come to Canada, e.g. Albania, China, Croatia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kuwait, Mexico, etc.

Destination Canada from Lonely Planet. Facts for the Traveler, When to Go, Events, Money & Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities, History, Culture, Environment, Getting There & Away, Getting Around. See also Shop by Destination: Canada from Magellan’s Travel Supplies with brief practical information on Health Risks, Insect Threats, Security Concerns, Water Quality, Weather Notes, Electrical Standards, Modem/Phone Use, Time Zone, Visa/Passport Requirements, and Currency.

DiscoverCanada.com DiscoverCanada.com. Golf, Adventure, Special Events, Cruises, Rail Coach, Ski and Snowboard, Hotels and Resorts.

Free Trip. Canada and U.S. Trip Planner creates personalized itinerary. Select points of Origination and Destination, by Province or State, enter City/Town/Place, or Categories. Check Route Preferences, Enroute Facilities (select hotels), Services and Travel Plazas, Points of Interests and Attractions, Distance Display (in miles or kilometers).

Parks Canada Parks Canada. Parks Canada National Programs: National Historic Sites of Canada, National Marine Conservation Areas of Canada, National Parks of Canada, Federal Heritage Buildings, Canadian Heritage Rivers, Heritage Railway Stations, and Legislation and Regulations.

917.3 United States – Description, National parks and reserves – United States, (United States – Travel)

Amtrak. Reservations, Online Train Schedules, Fares and Tickets, Arrival Status, Station Locator, Special Offers and Discounts, Trains and Routes, Accommodations and Features, Special Assistance for the Disabled, Crossing Borders, News and Views, Fun and Games.

Destination U.S.A. from Lonely Planet. Choose a State and find Facts for the Traveler, When to Go, Events, Money & Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities, History, Culture, Environment, Getting There & Away, and Getting Around that particular State.

Experience Your America. National Park Service. Select from hundreds of parks in the U.S. to visit.

Free Trip. U.S. and Canada. Trip Planner creates personalized itinerary. Select points of Origination and Destination, by State or Province, enter City/Town/Place, or Categories. Check Route Preferences, Enroute Facilities (select hotels), Services and Travel Plazas, Points of Interests and Attractions, Distance Display (in miles or kilometers).

North American Bed and Breakfast Directory. Locate a Bed and Breakfast Inn by City, State, or search International B and B. Includes helpful sections on Recipes, Innkeeper Info, Reservation Services, Additional Travel Resources, Meet Your Hosts, Trip Planning.

ParkMaps.com. Click on a State from the map of the United States of America to see the State Map, State Flag, State Parks, County Parks, City Parks, RV Campsites/Private Parks, Amusement Parks, Golf Courses, Museums, and Historical Markers.

U.S. National Parks. Select from A-Z list to find information on national parks in the United States.

United States Travel & Tourism Guide. Site features online hotel reservations, information about USA attractions, activities, weather, restaurants, transportation, tours, events, shops and more. Use the United States maps, American photo gallery and travel articles to preview the places you plan to visit.