Citation Basics

Chapter 9. Parenthetical References – Examples in MLA Style

The simplest way to cite sources is to use Parenthetical references or Parenthetical documentation. The author's last name and page number(s) are placed in parentheses in the text to give credit to sources. For example, in your paper you write: In their Preface, the authors point out that "Learning Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) is...

How to Cite an Infographic Correctly

Information transmitted visually usually has a greater impact on the audience. Not only does it make the content colorful, but also captures the attention of people. This is where the role of infographics comes into the picture. In the past few decades, stat-packed illustrations and colorful visuals have become an integral part of the content. To make content visually stimulating,...

Chapter 8. First Footnotes and Endnotes – Examples in MLA Style

Note: Detailed Footnotes and Endnotes are needed only for sources cited for the first time. When citing the same work more than once, it is no longer fashionable to use ibid. or op. cit.; the current trend is to use the short title or the author's last name instead. Indent the first line of a Footnote or Endnote entry.  Second...

How to Cite YouTube Videos in Your Paper

Citing a YouTube video in your research paper and other assignments can be a good source of information for your readers. Though there are thousands of videos available on any subject on YouTube these days, their authenticity can be a subject to doubt. However, there are really useful and trusted channels and YouTubers whose videos you can cite in your...

Useful Tips How to Cite a Presentation

Citing a PowerPoint poster presentation is effortless. This can be done in many ways depending on the style you are required to perform the same. You, therefore, need to know beforehand the citation style you should be using. We have three common citation styles that are usually used, which are AMA, APA, and MLA. Each of these styles has different specifications and...

The APA Format: How to Cite a Chapter in a Book using APA

Your research is complete. You have all the materials you need for writing your book. Everything is in control. But did you consider how you will cite the data you are sourcing from various different platforms or books? Citing is the most important part of any document that you write. If you don’t cite your data, you are risking legal...

Sample Parenthetical References in MLA Style

Leave 1" (2.5 cm) margin on all four sides of the 8 1/2" x 11" white paper. Title should be centered. Page number should appear at the right hand corner 1/2" (1.25 cm) from the top. The entire essay should be typed double-spaced with each new paragraph indented 1/2" (1.25 cm) or 5 spaces from the left margin.  If your...

Tips on How to Cite a Doctoral Dissertation

A dissertation is a very specific type of source and knowing how to cite a dissertation first requires some semblance of understanding of the various citation formats used in the leading educational houses and professional associations. The choice of your citation style also depends on your dissertations topics or more specifically on a subject you are writing about, because different...

Sample Bibliography or Works Cited in MLA Style

Works Cited, References, or Bibliography Sample Page Adams, Paul. "Furious Arafat Is Freed." Globe and Mail 2 May 2002: A1+. "Beginner Tip: Presenting Your Page with Style." Webmaster Tips Newsletter. July 2000. NetMechanic. 13 Oct. 2002 <http://www.netmechanic.com/ news/vol3/beginner_no7.htm>. Collins, Ronald K.L., and David M. Skover. The Trials of Lenny Bruce: The Fall and Rise of an American Icon. Naperville, IL:...

What Is an Annotated Bibliography?

As you are writing a research paper, it is important to cite all of your work sources in order to give proper credit. For typical essays, a bibliography page contains the authors of the work, titles, the date that the work was published, and page numbers. But for major papers, such as a PhD dissertation, you are often required to...

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