Grammar and Punctuation

Media vs. Medium – What’s the Difference?

Technically speaking, media is the plural form of the word medium and will most regularly be used in conjunction with a plural verb – for example, “The media are highly relevant in today’s society.” That  being said, if you were to refer to multiple fortune tellers, the correct word would be mediums. There is a common confusion between media and...

Hyphen Usage in English

What is a hyphen? The word hyphen came from ancient Greek which literally means ''under one". The hyphen is a punctuation mark that is used to separate and join words in sentences. Mostly hyphen and dashes are confusing. The hyphen is short while dashes are longer. Dashes also have a different use. A hyphen can also be confused with the minus sign...

Apostrophe – How to Use It Correctly

The apostrophe - what is it by definition? Many people make grammar mistakes either by missing the apostrophe or misplacing it. In English there are many punctuations marks each with different uses and an apostrophe is one of them. We shall discuss what an apostrophe is and get to know its uses and importance. Before we continue, we first need to know...

Sentence Patterns – What They Are and How to Use Them

English learners and writers are required to study different aspects of the language, i.e. nouns, verbs, adjectives etc. But that is not enough. They also have to consider the sentence as a whole. This means you have to learn basic sentence patterns. In this article, we have discussed what is a sentence pattern and why it is important. We have...

Semicolon vs. Comma – Difference and Usage

In all languages, not just English, writers use punctuation marks (or punctuation points as they are also called) to indicate things like pauses and full stops, to convey or demonstrate emotion, the ask questions or declare statements, and even to separate items in a list. The reason they do this is because writing, unlike speaking, does not have the same...

Phrases vs. Clauses – Difference and Usage

Clauses and phrases are standard components of sentence writing. When the two are combined with other elements of speech, or other sentences parts, clauses and phrases can help to establish a complex structure enabling your verbiage to establish or convey meaning. Knowing  and understanding the differences between the two is a necessary part of writing sentences that are not only grammatically...

Independent and Dependent Clause

While learning English, you will come across many grammatical techniques and rules. One of them is clauses. They are of mainly two types, i.e. independent clause and a dependent clause. You have to use them to make a complete sentence. It can be done with one or both. You will learn more about this in the next paragraphs. What is a...

Comma and Its Usage

There are fourteen punctuation marks commonly used in English grammar. Of them, the comma is the one that is used incorrectly most often. And, there is little doubt as to why. There are so many different guidelines and rules pertaining to when or how a comma should be used, that many writers (especially those who are inexperienced) struggle with determining proper...

Rules of Punctuation Overview

When we communicate verbally we use certain oral queues, like pausing or changing the tone of our voice, to indicate breaks in speech or emphasis. In written communication, these types of breaks in sentences or other places of emphasis are indicated through the use of punctuation. The purpose of the following guide is to not only introduce the various marks...

Using Punctuation in Sentences

When we speak, or engage in conversation with another person, there are subtle queues (like short pauses or emphasis on certain syllables) that indicate things like questions, excitement and more. In writing, these types of emphasises are indicated by punctuation marks (or points as they are also called.) Punctuation marks include things like periods, which are used to indicate the end...

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