The Latino Experience in the US
To the book ‘’A history of Latinos in America’’ by Juan Gonzalez, the arrival of the European explorers to America started the most amazing encounter among cultures in the history of the American civilization. This encounter of cultures brought together two functions of human race which had previously known nothing of each other’s existence hence establishing the modern world identity. The immigrants who settled in America had the greatest effect because they transplanted their own cultures over their territories (Gonzalez). They established colonial empires from which the European dominated the world.
The descendants of both cultures initiated independence wars that re-established the political systems of the world. This common history has made the current Anglo-Americas and Latin American. This research will use the cases of Dominican and Salvadoran migrations to explain how united states foreign policy and national interests determined the ways in which the immigrants were hospitalized and integrated by the federal government and INS into the broader American society, it will explain in detain the nature and the scope of the Mexican-American political, social and community organization and how these new organizations changed through time specifically after world war II and it will finally analyze the similarities between the push factors of the Dominican and Nicaraguan migrations to the united states migrations to the united states.
How U.S. foreign policy and national interests determined the ways in which the immigrants were welcomed and integrated by the INS and the Federal government into the broader American society?
The Mexican government policies initially promoted the settlement of the immigrants into the Americas territory. As the immigrants multiplied into the territory they started to request greater local self-rule and feared that this might outlaw slavery and imposition of taxes from the government. Due to this immigration the relationship between Mexico and United States remained strained at the period of immigration. The Mexico City capture was the final crucial armed conflict (Marguerite).
The Mexican immigration at this period in time remains low due to harsh government policies which restricted immigration of foreigners into its territories. In the 19th century a combination of different factors led to increased rise of the Mexican migration in the United States territories. The reclamation policy in 1902 in United States encouraged the immigrant to migrate to the country in need of employment. The Mexican revolution and the aftermath of the political instability forced many of them to migrate in search of safety; in addition, the growth of the United States economy attracted a huge number of the Mexican immigrants.
The U.S. foreign policy and national interests determined the ways in which the immigrants were welcomed and integrated by the Federal government into the broader American society the Mexican Americans forms the largest group of Hispanic Americans and that the potential for interaction with the other Mexicans is extremely high (Durald). After the Mexican-American conflicts which were increased by the violence which were perpetrated by Anglo-American and Mexican Americans the two became aware of their subordinate status within the American territory. The immigrants came to understand that they did not have equal protection as stipulated by the United States constitution.
The nature and the scope of the Mexican-American political, social and community organization
In an attempt to cope up with the social class in United States the Mexican Americans created different political and social organizations which promoted ethnic solidarity. During the 1960 the Chicano movement challenged assimilations orientation within the large society and within the Mexican American society itself. The wave of the Mexican immigration triggered violence with the Americans (Garci?a, pp.16).
The events of the Second World War proved to be a turning point for the American’s expanded political participation. The confrontation of the Mexican Americans by exposing the individuals who were serving in the social climates and armed services where they were considered to be equal. The industrialization revolution attracted many Mexican Americans into urban areas in search of employment and good standard of living. After the war, many political groups and organizations emerged in order to challenge segregation and other types of isolation practices in the American life.
By 1960, many organizations were calling for the social change within the education systems in order to accommodate both the Mexican and the Americans. Most immigrants groups in America to a greater extent had attempted to maintain their different cultural ways. The Mexican Americans did not fit to these patterns of cultures in United States territories because of their historical experience. They history has always bee consistent through out the ages (Ellis, pp.24). The intermarriages in United States encouraged the maintain ace of the Spanish. The size and the distribution of the ethnic groups in united stated played a significant role for the persistence of the traditional patterns of cultures.
Similarities between the push factors of the Dominican and Nicaraguan migrations to the U.S
The United States and the Mexican migration represent the largest sustained migratory movement between two nations in the world. Migration has remained a significant issue across many nations in Latin America. Previously little was known about the Mexican immigrants to the United States territories. The similarities between the push factors of the Dominican and Nicaraguan migrations to the U.S and those of the Mexican are that they both migrated to United States in search of employment and land for settlement. Both of these two groups aimed at building their own territory in the United States territory because they were previously isolated in the social, political and economic sectors.
The two groups had similar ways in which they expected to reshape their cultures after they reached their expected destination. The research indicates the immigrant’s occupational outcomes and attitudes changed as well as those of the Native American after their interaction (DeWind, 23). The political and socioeconomic structures of the two groups affected the level of decision making and determined the composition of the migratory flow around the world in the future. In conclusion, the impacts of the two immigrants groups in United States affected the culture and sociopolitical culture experienced in United States.
DeWind, Josh, and Jennifer Holdaway. Migration and Development Within and Across Borders: Research and Policy Perspectives on Internal and International Migration. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Migration, 2008. Print.
Durald, J. Migration in the Americas: Mexico and Latin America in Comparative Context.2011. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2929846/.
Ellis, A. Causes and Aftermaths of the Economic, Political and Cultural Migration in the Area of the Caribbean and Central America During the Xxth Century. Paris: Publibook, 2007. Print.
Garcia, Bedolla L. Latino Politics. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2009. Print.
Gonzalez, J. A History of Latinos in America. 2013. Retrieved from: https://www.nytimes.com/books/first/g/gonzalez-empire.html.
Marguerite, M. Mexican Americans. 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Le-Pa/Mexican-Americans.html.
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