Global Connections: Canadian Involvement in World Organizations
The goal of this page is to provide suggested Web links to assist students to conduct research to:
- Analyse the global distribution of Canada’s major international agreements and organizations
- Explain the mandate of selected international organizations to which Canada belongs
- Evaluate their effectiveness in addressing global concerns
- Demonstrate knowledge of Canada’s significant world contributions
- Amnesty International
- CCIC – Canadian Council for International Co-operation
- CIDA – Canadian International Development Agency
- IDRC – International Development Research Centre
- IOC – International Olympic Committee
- NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
- NORAD – North American Aerospace Defence Command
- UN – United Nations
- UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
- UNICEF – United Nations Children’s Fund
- WHO – World Health Organization
- WWF – World Wildlife Fund
Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. Links include: Global Issues, Peace and Security, Canada and International Organizations, Canada’s Relations with Other Countries, e.g. Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America and Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, and United States, International Development, plus Sustainable Development/Environment. You can also learn more about, and view photographs of, the Ministers and Secretaries of State – Ministers responsible for the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, and Secretaries of State who represent and promote Canada’s foreign policy and trade priorities.
Amnesty International – The International Criminal Court (ICC), Fact Sheets. Available in Arabic, English, Espanol, Francais, and Turkce. 10 Fact Sheets: Introduction to the International Criminal Court, The Case for Ratification, Prosecuting the Crime of Genocide, Prosecuting Crimes Against Humanity, Prosecuting War Crimes, Justice for Victims, Justice for Women, Justice for Children, Fair Trial Guarantees, and State Cooperation with the ICC.
Amnesty International – The International Criminal Court, Fact sheet 8: Ensuring Justice for Children. Which crimes specifically affect children? What is genocide by transfer of children? What about trafficking in children? Are all child soldiers now prohibited? What provisions are in place to protect child victims and witnesses from further traumatization? and more.
Amnesty International Canada. “Amnesty International is a worldwide movement of human rights activists and financial supporters working together to prevent violations of people’s fundamental civil and political human rights by governments and opposition groups.”
amnesty international online: Working to protect human rights worldwide. Amnesty International is a worldwide campaigning movement that works to promote all the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international standards. In particular, Amnesty International campaigns to free all prisoners of conscience; ensure fair and prompt trials for political prisoners; abolish the death penalty, torture and other cruel treatment of prisoners; end political killings and “disappearances”; and oppose human rights abuses by opposition groups.
Amnesty International – Links. Amnesty International contact details (How to contact Amnesty International in your country, choose a country from A-Z, information include Web site, email, postal address of local office, phone and fax numbers), Amnesty International email addresses (listed alphabetically by country), Links to other Amnesty International web pages (arranged by countries), and Links to other Human Rights related sites (Anti-Slavery, Anti-War/Weapons, Civil Liberties, Death Penalty: Prisoners on death row, Environmental Protection, Gay and Lesbian Civil Rights, Genital Mutilation, Human Rights, Indigenous Peoples, Refugee, Relief Efforts, Religion, Social Justice, Torture, Victim Support, Womens Rights, and more).
Like Water on Stone: The Story of Amnesty International. Click Look Inside to view 29 sample pages of the book at Amazon.com. See Front flap for info on the year the organization began.
CCIC – The Canadian Council for International Co-operation. Mission Statement: “The Council is a coalition of Canadian voluntary sector organizations working globally to achieve sustainable human development. The Canadian council for International Co-operation seeks to end global poverty, and to promote social justice and human dignity for all.”
The Canadian Encyclopedia. Type CIDA in the search box and hit GO to find a description of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).
CIDA – Canadian International Development Agency. “The CIDA supports sustainable development activities in order to reduce poverty and to contribute to a more secure, equitable and prosperous world. Contents include: CIDA’s Social Development Priorities, CIDA’s Sustainable Development Strategy, Strengthening Aid Effectiveness – Summaries of Consultations, CIDA Around the World – CIDA supports projects in over 150 countries, Looking for Employment? Youth Zone, and more.”
The Canadian Encyclopedia. Type Greenpeace in the search box and hit GO to find information on the origin of Greenpeace in Canada and a brief description of some of the activities of Greenpeace and its tactics.
Greenpeace Canada. Contents: About Greenpeace. Mission: “Greenpeace seeks to: Protect biodiversity in all its forms; Prevent pollution of the earth’s oceans, land, air and fresh water; End all nuclear threats; Promote peace, global disarmament and non-violence.” History of Greenpeace in Canada and around the world, Organizational Profile, Environmental Campaigns: Climate and Energy, Forests, and Genetic Engineering, Quick Facts: Greenpeace was founded in Canada in 1971, and more.
Greenpeace International’s Information page. Contents include: Worldwide addresses for Greenpeace Offices, Websites for Greenpeace Offices Worldwide, Greenpeace International internet archive (since 1994), Greenpeace ships, Greenpeace Jobs, Greenpeace International’s annual report, Greenpeace History and FAQ, Latest pictures, Streaming Videos, and Contact Greenpeace International Headquarters.
Greenpeace.org. Headline news, Campaign events, Climate Countdown, Toxics, Nuclear Campaign Website, Oceans (Global Overfishing), Genetic Engineering (No genetic manipulation of nature), Stop Ocean Dumping, Save Ancient Forests, and Politics.
The Greenpeace Mission Statement. “Greenpeace is an independent, campaigning organization that uses non-violent, creative confrontation to expose global environmental problems, and to force solutions that are essential to a green and peaceful future.”
Greenpeace USA. Campaigns include: Forests, Genetic Engineering, Global Warming and Energy, Nuclear Disarmament, Oceans, and Toxic Pollution.
IDRC – The International Development Research Centre is a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada in 1970 to help developing countries use science and technology to find practical, long-term solutions to the social, economic, and environmental problems they face.
International Olympic Committee. “The IOC is the supreme authority of the Olympic Movement. It is an international non-governmental, non-profit organisation and the creator of the Olympic Movement. The IOC exists to serve as an umbrella organisation of the Olympic Movement. It owns all rights to the Olympic symbols, flag, motto, anthem and Olympic Games. Its primary responsibility is to supervise the organisation of the summer and winter Olympic Games.” Learn also about the Mission of the IOC, Evolution of its structure (history), IOC Commissions, etc. See also Canadian Olympic Committee, as well as National Olympic Committees from around the world.
Canada and NATO: The Canadian Forces and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Canada and NATO: Uneasy Past, Uncertain Future. Book review by Bruce Muirhead, Lakehead University.
Canada and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Contents: Introduction: Canada and NATO, Canada’s Contribution to NATO, Canada’s NATO Policy Priorities, Canada-NATO and Our Partners, Potential Business Opportunities for Canadian Suppliers, Canadian Careers at NATO, Biographies, and Speeches.
NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. An Alliance that consists of 19 independent member countries.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) — Cold War to Present. NATO History: 1950’s, 1960’s, 1970’s, and 1980’s.
NATO: When Canada Really Mattered from Canadian Encyclopedia. Information on the origins of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and NATO today. Includes photos.
NORAD. Contents include: Who We Are, NORAD Today, History, NORAD’s Regions, NORAD Emblem, Quotable Quotes, In Focus (focuses on the dedicated Americans and Canadians serving in NORAD), Newsroom (covering News Releases, Bios, Fact Sheets, Articles & Speeches, Multimedia (various media elements, such as imagery, sound files, and video clips that pertain to the NORAD mission), and NORAD Links.
NORAD – The North American Aerospace Defence Command. Backgrounder. A binational military organization formally established in 1958 by Canada and the United States to monitor and defend North American airspace.
U.S., Canada Extends NORAD Agreement, June 16, 2000. The agreement “provides a comprehensive warning capability against ballistic missiles, while also providing a level of defense against cruise missiles and intruding aircraft.”
Canada and the United Nations. From Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. Canada has been an active and committed participant in the United Nations since its founding in 1945 in San Francisco, where Canada played a key role in the drafting of the Charter.
The Canadian Encyclopedia. Information on the organization of the United Nations, related information about Canada’s involvement in the Korean War, UN Peacekeeping, Economic and Social Co-operation, and a brief comment on Canada’s Part in the United Nations.
Charter of the United Nations. We the Peoples of the United Nations determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, … Introductory Note, Preamble, and all 19 Chapters of the U.N. Charter available online.
How the United Nations Works from How Stuff Works.
UN – United Nations. The purposes of the United Nations are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Resources for young people: Facts & Figures, Games and Quizzes, UNEP and Youth, Make a Difference, Publications, and Events.
Canada @ UNESCO from Canadian Heritage. Canadian participation in UNESCO is a partnership between the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, the Canadian Commission for UNESCO, and key departments related to the mandate of the organization.
UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization was born on November 16, 1945. History, Education for All by 2015, Natural Sciences, Social and Human Sciences, Culture, Communication and Information, Online Services, and Archives Portal.
UNICEF – United Nations Children’s Fund. Created in 1946, was first named United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. Site provides information on what UNICEF does, its History, Mission, Current Annual Report, Headquarters, UNICEF Worldwide, and more.
UNICEF Canada is guided by the vision that every child should grow up in conditions that promote health, peace and dignity. It believes that every child deserves to be happy, healthy and free from hardship. Its goal is to ensure that all children have the water, health, education, care and protection they need. Contents: UNICEF Canada Mission, Organization, Global Schoolhouse (Education Support Programme), Careers (Human Resources), How You Can Help, Work (Development, Emergencies, Global Action, Resources, Latest News), and Kids Room. UNICEF officers work together with communities, local governments, and service providers such as midwives and teachers to find solutions to the problems affecting children. Funds raised by UNICEF Canada are donated to UNICEF programs in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
UNICEF Information by Country. United Nations reviews progress made in Special Session on Children, Rights of the Child, UNICEF Programmes for children (Key Programme Areas include: Child Protection, Education, Health, HIV / AIDS, Nutrition, Water Environment & Sanitation, and Early Childhood Development), Emergencies, and Supply (UNICEF procures close to $600 million worth of supplies each year).
WHO – World Health Organization. Information on WHO is rather scattered. Check out the following links:
How the World Health Organization Works from How Stuff Works.
World Health Organization meets to develop an international framework convention on tobacco control. On June 26, 1997, Health Canada hosted in Halifax the first World Health Organization meeting to prepare an international framework convention on tobacco control. Canada’s comprehensive tobacco reduction strategy has been internationally recognized. Canada’s Tobacco Act received Royal Assent on 25 April 1997.
WWF – World Wildlife Fund – Canada. “World Wildlife Fund is dedicated to saving life on Earth through the conservation of nature and ecological processes.
The goal of WWF’s national program is to protect Canadian species and spaces at risk by supporting high quality field projects and conducting bi-annual assessments of Canada’s biodiversity.”
“The goal of WWF’s North American program is to protect species and ecosystems that are shared by Canada, the United States and/or Mexico.”
WWF – The Conservation Organization. “Known worldwide by its panda logo, World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is dedicated to protecting the world’s wildlife and wildlands. The largest privately supported international conservation organization in the world, WWF has more than 1 million members in the U.S. alone. Since its inception in 1961, WWF has invested in over 13,100 projects in 157 countries.” Site includes: Where We Work (Africa, Asia, Latin America, North America), History of WWF, Annual Report, Endangered Species, Endangered Spaces, Forests, Climate, Oceans, Science and Policy, Toxic Chemicals, Education, Community Outreach, and WWF Newsroom.