Art and Community
A community refers to a given group of people sharing a common interest or having common linguistic and cultural background. It can also be defined as the geography or location inhabited by human beings. On the hand, there is no particular definition art, as it can be defined as a description of something’s beauty or an outstanding skill which results into an aesthetic outcome. It can also be viewed as an active visual impression which can cause amusement to the audience.
However performance of art in the community plays social, political and political role within the community. Paul G.Allen in his quote says that in his own philanthropy and business activities he had seen that arts play critical role in impacting positively to our economy and they serve a very crucial catalyst for discovery, learning and technological achievements in the economy (Kleiner 76). This paper will mainly concentrate in the measuring the economic and the social impact of performing arts in our community.
In regard to this review, the first section outlines the introduction of what are specifically the community and the performance of the art and the community as a whole. It also provides the main objective of the study. In the second section represents the methodology adopted in undertaking the review. Section three provides the literature review about the relevant sources which explain about economic and social impact contributed by the art performance in the society and also any available researches which could have been done relating the art. Section four evaluates concepts and various definitions which relate to the economic and social impact of the art. Section five provides two typologies concerning different methods of research while section six will elaborate those methods outlined in five.
Section seven the conclusion concerning the research has been done and the key factors raised within the research body emphasized. Lastly the cited sources are provides.
The methodology used for the literature review included searches on the database for the Arts Council of England to bring out the idea of heritage of literature putting more emphasize on the social impact and economic impact of art.
Furthermore, manual research was done in the library. Thorough examination of these materials was done to bring out the idea of potentiality of the culture services in the society. However these strategies were reinforced by referring to the literature that existed in this area of our concern. The research in the data base gave explanation of the art adopted in Canada, UK and Australia which the research mainly dwells to bring out the concept of research (Kleiner 106)…
The economic significance of the arts
The benefits of art on the community or even on individual development have been the main subject of discussion for long time by the Community Arts Movement. However, a lot of evidence has been gathered in relation to this argument. Due to lack of any systematic evidence, coupled with the low priority accorded to the impact measurement, it proved to have less priority according to the policymakers to be funded for further investigation. Nevertheless, as the time went on at around 1980s, the arts and other cultural activities started to crop up at high rate within the urban centers of Britain.
This was brought about by the cities as they sought for solutions to help in restructuring the economy and the traditional manufacturing industry which seemed to be declining. The main urban centers such as Manchester and Glasgow had embarked on the cultural development plans. With the publication of the seminal study in the Policy Study Institute, these cultural strategies were catapulted a mile ahead. This development of Art in Britain led to the creation of huge employment which was about 500,000. According to Myerscough, art was a great source of wealth as it could create great wealth within the city.
In addition to that, great focus has been directed in the development of the impact of the art and cultural industries where urban managers in UK and US have structured economic studies whose main focus was to develop the culture and the art industries. This goal has been enhanced by the infrastructural development within the countries. (Sarton 67). Moreover, another main report in the sequence of the development of the art was published in 1990s which included the Feist’s and O’Brien.
The social impact of the arts
During early 1990s there was a sea change which was experienced in the Britain urban centers which led to the generation of arts and culture in wider social and economic development in the cities. These developments could not be dismissed and they enhanced unity of the people within the urban centers. Being a capital led developments however become very hard to be realized as they had failed to address the most important social requirements. Culture art in the community proved to stand a high potential benefit and gain to the entire society.
Moreover many earlier studies have majored in the exploration of the role of art in main setting. For instance, Peaker with Vincent in the year 1990 emphasizes on the importance the art has brought to the social setting (Sarton 66). They carried research in the prison to find out the effects of the art on the social setting. They deployed case study methods which involved use of interviews on the teachers, prison governors, artists, prisoners and the staff and observation to construct their data. However, the study identified that there was a significant amount of art activities which was being carried out in the prison. These arts varied in terms of quality to quantity.
These prisoners involved in literature, video, among other visual arts and crafts (Kristeller 34). The authors explain that the interview on those prisoners showed that they argued that arts were essential in the development of their talents. This also gave them the opportunity of sharing ideas which could build objectivity among themselves. This also displayed their outstanding talents which acted as a motivation even to work harder in the art.
In every society, there is art that characterizes the spirit of the people and their traditions. In many cases, these are demonstrated in forms of drawings as seen and other decorative art. Looking back in the 14th century, all art was centered in showing how and what people belief in. several portraits of heroes were put into place for remembrance of their deed and this is a way of expression of how the society valued the art. According to Rudolf, et al (370), there were many expressions in the design of building and inscriptions. Some were as identification of a given sect of a community or even as a mark of a family in a community. It is noted that most of what was expressed in the activity depicted the community and served very important roles.
In addition, since a long time ago, art was very important to a given community and was highly valued. The expression of the expertise in art identified by a given region was not only expressed in writing but also in clothing. For example, the design and inscriptions in the kings and other influential people was totally different from that of a common man (Bourdua 56). Therefore, the community valued art as expression of some one’s status in the society. It is recorded that the pride of a given community was measure by the level of creativity in design. Unlike in the current society where art is not valued as much, it was a source of honor and everyone cherished he knowledge. Therefore, each community made sure they have someone to inherit form the aging artist as this helped keeping the communities’ name.
Also, competition was held to show the level of creativity in the renaissance era in 14th century. In this competition, selected members of a given group presented the work of creative art that they had. These were in the forms of furniture and any other physical thing that requires the then art-of-state design. Essentially, these were bases of ranking of communities and therefore, it was a call for communities to give their best and deliver the best in the day of competition (Smith 14). Any fault or under performance could result to degradation of the communities’ name. As a result, the act of art was given special attention by every region. Therefore, it shaped the lives of people and improved their creativity in the society.
The research has revealed how the impact, the value and the recognition of art together with the cultural activities have evolved since 1980s. It has been found that performance and art industries contribute significantly towards the economy when they are effectively supported by the government. Traditional manufacturing sectors have shown the potentiality of helping the government in exploring innovative decision in surviving in the competitive economic environment. The sector has proved to embrace both economic and social rationales in its activities together with aesthetic value and cultural rationale.
However, the review has a provision for further research on the critics which are found in the existing studies concerning the topic. They comprise of lack of clear conceptualization of economic and social impact, over reliance on formal statistics without adequate pictures about the creative and art industries and the availability of only small sample to be used in the research. Further worker also can be done to test and develop methods which are capable of giving accurate results which reflect on the production characteristics and the impact of the art in the social and economic setting.
Bourdua, Louise. The Franciscans and art patronage in late medieval Italy. Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Brázdil, Rudolf, et al. “Historical climatology in Europe–the state of the art.” Climatic change 70.3 (2005): 363-430.
Kleiner, Fred. Gardner’s Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective,|. Vol. 1. Cengage Learning, 2013.
Kristeller, Paul Oskar, ed. Renaissance thought and the arts: collected essays. Princeton University Press, 1990.
Sarton, George. “Appreciaton of ancient and medieval science during the renaissance 1450-1600.” (1961).
Smith, Kathryn Ann. Art, identity and devotion in fourteenth-century England: three women and their books of hours. University of Toronto Press, 2003.