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How to Write the Results Section of a Research Paper

Author: I. Lee
Published on: Jun 02, 2023
Updated on: Jul 26, 2023
Table of content
  • Quantitative research results
  • Qualitative research results
  • Step-by-Step guide
  • Results writing checklist
  • Results section formats
  • Results section example

How to Write the Results Section of a Research Paper
Do you need to know what to write in the section results of your research work? First and foremost, this part of the text helps the reader understand your work and findings.

Here you share your outcomes and results, showing your efforts’ value. However, many students need help understanding how to write a results section because it needs to be clarified what should be added to the text of the results and what should be abandoned.

How to write the results section of a research paper?

The results section of a research paper is a critical component that presents the study’s findings.

  • You must add collected, analyzed, and interpreted data or any statistical analyses performed.
  • The section should be written clearly and easily, without technical jargon or unnecessary details.
  • The results section should also include tables, graphs, or figures that help to illustrate the findings.

Overall, the data analysis section of research paper should provide a comprehensive overview of the study’s outcomes and be presented in a way that enables readers to draw their conclusions based on the data presented.

The results section contains all the information that you were able to obtain during the study. There are no ratings or new ideas here. Therefore, it is worth adding only the numbers and facts you researched.

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Reporting quantitative research results

Quantitative analysis is prevalent in various specialties. They help to compare different indicators, assess their impact, and find patterns. During research, you can compare the relationship between variables or evaluate the influence of different factors.

Before describing the results of such studies, you should go back and read the purpose and methods of the study because these two factors need to be reminded throughout the writing of the entire section. The reader should see why you made these or other calculations. After you describe each figure of your research, you need to summarize how the result obtained affects the solution to the question voiced in the research paper.

  • When you write the results section of a research paper, it is essential to focus on the key findings and provide clear and concise explanations of the statistical analysis used.
  • It is vital to use appropriate graphs and tables to present the data visually and make it easier to understand.
  • When describing the results, talk about the problems you encountered and the limitations that may affect future studies.

By following these guidelines, researchers can ensure that their quantitative research results are presented in a way that is both informative and accessible to a broader audience.

Reporting qualitative research results

The spelling of the results section in such a study may differ. Because in qualitative research, it is only sometimes possible to show specific numbers or graphs. Therefore, the writing of the results section of a scientific paper can be built around specific investigated questions and topics.

Reporting qualitative research results requires careful consideration of the research objectives and the data collected. It is essential to show the features of your research and the results obtained. Additionally, it is crucial to provide context for the findings and to use quotes and examples from the data to support the analysis. Moreover, you should be transparent about the biases and how they may have influenced the interpretation of the data. Overall, reporting qualitative research results section is essential to a writing paper process that requires attention to detail and a commitment to accuracy and transparency.

Ensure all the results are arranged logically and do not contradict each other!

Step-by-Step guide to results section creating

Follow these steps to create an effective results section for a research paper.

Step 1. Review your research.

Read the text of the paper you made and write down all your results. Then, structure your conclusions so that they look logical and consistent. It can be done by visually representing your data by creating tables, charts, or graphs.

Step 2. Reread the purpose of your research and write it in the results section.

It would be best if you reminded readers why you did the research and what effect you wanted to get. For each hypothesis you have researched, show data and figures confirming or refuting your idea.

Step 3. Describe the methods you used.

You need to describe the methods used to show that the results are not random. Indicate what specific outcomes you got using this or that technique.

Step 4: Organize and structure your notes.

Organize all the results described and make them into one consistent text that answers three main questions:

  • What did you research?
  • Why did you research?
  • What method did you explore?
  • What did you get as a result?

Step 5. Remove everything you don’t need.

Reread your paper and see what can be removed and without which the meaning of the text you wrote will stay the same. Remember, the results section should be concise. It’s essential to remember that your analysis should be based on your research question and hypotheses and supported by your data.

Step 6. Get rid of all errors, typos, and inaccuracies.

Review the created text again and remove all errors in the text. To look professional and complete, the work should be free of spelling, semantics, punctuation, and other errors.

Following these steps ensures that your results section is well-written and effectively communicates your research findings.

Results writing checklist

If you start to write a results section of a research paper, follow this checklist to get everything.

  • You have read your paper and marked the main results and statistics;
  • You have written the primary purpose of the study;
  • You specified what methods were used;
  • You have structured your results section in a logical sequence;
  • You confirmed each of your hypotheses described in the work with the results of the research;
  • You have read the text ready and removed all unnecessary;
  • You eliminated any errors, typos, and inaccuracies in the text.

If all the points are met, your results section is ready, and you can submit the work to the teacher.

Results section formats you can use

When it comes to writing the results section of a research paper, there are various styles that students must adhere to. The format will depend on the instructor’s preference and the studied subject. The most commonly used forms include MLA, APA, Chicago, ASA, AMA, and more. Each format has unique features that must be followed for the paper to be properly formatted.

For instance, the MLA format requires that the writer includes the author’s name and page number within the text, while the APA format requires that the author’s name and year of publication be included within the text.

In addition, the Chicago style requires that the author include footnotes and endnotes, while the AMA format requires that the writer have superscript numbers within the text.

If you want to quote someone else’s thoughts or ideas in the results, follow the citation and formatting standards specified by the teacher.

Results section of a research paper example

Here is a short sample of the results section for the research paper on psychology:

The results of the study indicated that there was a significant correlation between the level of stress and the frequency of exercise. Participants who reported higher stress levels also reported exercising less frequently than those who reported lower stress levels.

Additionally, there was a significant difference in self-reported overall well-being between those who engaged in regular exercise and those who did not. Those who exercised regularly reported higher overall well-being levels than those who did not. These findings suggest that regular exercise may be an effective strategy for reducing stress and improving overall well-being.

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