Research, Writing, and Style Guides (MLA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard, CGOS, CBE)

 

1. Citing Sources – General

Documentation Style Handouts in PDF
Writing Center at Armstrong Atlantic State University (AASU), Savannah, GA
Annotated Bibliography, APA, Chicago-Turabian, and MLA Documentation, plus Grammar-Mechanics Handouts and Exercises, Regents’ Handouts, Writing Process Handouts, all available in PDF.

KnightCite: A Project of the Hekman Library
Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI
Free Citation Generator for MLA, APA and Chicago styles.
Site created by Justin Searls, Student Intern, Teaching & Learning Digital Studio, Calvin Information Techonology.

Slate: Citation Machine
Online tool that creates MLA and APA citations instantly.
This web tool was created by David Warlick of The Landmark Project on October 29, 2000 and is part of the Landmarks for Schools web site for teachers.

2. Citing Electronic Sources

Citing Sources
Saint John Ward Chipman Library, University of New Brunswick, NB
APA Style, MLA Style, Related Resources, Navigating EResearch.

How to Cite Electronic Sources
The Learning Page, Library of Congress, Washington, DC
MLA and Turabian citation examples for Films, Legal Documents and Government Publications, Maps, Photographs, Recorded Sound, Special Presentations, and Texts. Includes links to Citation Guidelines.

3. APA Style (American Psychological Association)

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed.
APA

APA Documentation
Writing Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI
Get a quick orientation to APA, Create APA parenthetical citations, Create an APA reference list, Format a paper using APA guidelines, Format APA headings for a paper, Review APA usage and style guidelines, and Locate other APA resources on the Web.

APA Style Guide 6th Edition
USM Libraries, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS
Examples of APA citations for books, journals, other media, and electronic information.

The Basics of APA Style (requires audio)
From APA Online, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC
A useful tutorial following the 6th Edition of APA’s Publication Manual, © 2009.
There are also some useful FAQs.

Understanding Electronic Sources from American Psychological Association (APA)
Excerpted from the new 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual.

4. Chicago Manual of Style / Turabian Style

The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed.
COS

Chicago Manual of Style Citation Guide
From the Chicago Manual of Style Online.
Provides examples on writing footnotes, in-text citations, reference-list entries and bibliographical citations for both print and electronic sources using Chicago Style.

Chicago/Turabian Documentation
Writing Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI
Get a quick orientation to note systems, Create Chicago/Turabian first references, Create Chicago/Turabian subsequent references, and Create a Chicago/Turabian Works Cited page.

5. CGOS Style – Columbia Guide to Online Style

The Columbia Guide to Online Style by Janice Walker, Todd Taylor
CGOS

6. CBE Style – Council of Biology Editors

CBE Documentation
Writing Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI
Use the citation-sequence system, Create a CBE citation-sequence reference list, Use the name-year system, and Create a CBE name-year reference list.

Citing Online Media Resources (web sites, online media files, etc.)
Adapted from the Columbia Guide to Online Style, by Janice R. Walker and Todd Taylor. Citation styles described are Humanities Style.
With examples by Gary Handman, Media Resources Center, Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA.

7. Harvard Style

The Bluebook:
A Uniform System of Citation,
aka “Harvard Citator”
published by Harvard Law Review Association
in conjunction with Columbia Law Review, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, and Yale Law Journal 18th edition (January 1, 2005)

The Bluebook - A Uniform System of Citation (Spiral-bound), 18th ed. January 1, 2005

Interactive Citation Workbook for The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation and ALWD Citation Manual by Tracy L. McGaugh (Book)

Citation, end references, and bibliographies: A handbook for students, including a description of the Harvard system of reference by C.J. Morgan (Book)

Writing a Bibliography (Harvard System)
Dickson College, Canberra, Australia
Essay Writing, Locating Information – Effective Reading, Selecting Information – Note Taking, Bibliographies, Examples of Bibliographic Entries, Points to Remember, and Textual References or Citations (including Parenthetical Reference examples).

8. MLA Style (Modern Language Association)

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Sixth Edition
MLA

Citing Film and Video in slightly adapted version of MLA style – with Examples
Citing TV and Radio – with Examples
by Gary Handman, Media Resources Center, Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA.

Citing Web Sources MLA Style
Vanguard University of Southern California
1998 MLA Web citation style. In-text Citation, Works Cited, Examples of Typical Web Sites, and Citing from Web Site Databases.

Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography in MLA Style
Works Cited, References, Bibliography – What’s the Difference?
How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style
How to Write Footnotes and Endnotes in MLA Style
First Footnotes and Endnotes – Examples in MLA Style
Parenthetical References – Examples in MLA Style
Footnotes in MLA Style – Sample Page
Endnotes in MLA Style – Sample Page
Parenthetical References in MLA Style – Sample Page
Works Cited in MLA Style – Sample Page
Quoting Passages Using MLA Style
St. Francis Xavier Secondary School Library, Mississauga, ON

MLA Documentation
Writing Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI
General information about MLA parenthetical citations, Using the MLA abbreviation guidelines, Using the MLA quotation guidelines, Formatting MLA parenthetical citations, Create an MLA Works Cited Page, and Format the MLA Works Cited page. Includes a section on Numbered References.

MLA Online
University of Houston Libraries
Examples show the correct format for citing online sources in Modern Language Association (MLA) style.

MLA Parenthetical Documentation
LEO: Literacy Education Online, St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, MN
How to correctly document different types of sources using MLA Parenthetical Documentation: Author(s) name, Multivolume works, Classic literary works, Special cases.

Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format
The Purdue University Online Writing Lab, West Lafayette, IN
Using APA format, Formatting in Sociology, Handling quotations in text, Works Cited list, Footnotes and Endnotes, Paper format.

9. Resumé Writing and Cover Letters

Developing Resumes: Selecting a Resume Style from TTG Consultants.
Ground Rules for an Effective Resume: Resume Do’s and Don’ts from TTG Consultants.
How to Write Resume in English from About.com – English as 2nd Language (ESL).
How to Write a Resume.org. Resume Writing Tips, Resume Writing & Distribution Services.
ASCII Resumes: How to Create a Plain-Text Version of Your Resume from About.com – Career Planning.
The Resume as a Sales Tool from TTG Consultants.
Resume AZ. Online resource for resume.
ResumeEdge.com. Sample resumes: Before (original submission), After (improvement made), with Critique.
The Resume Guide: Master Index of Resume Samples.
Resume-Help.org. Resume writing, resume distribution, and resume writing tips.
Resume Writing Guide from Susan Ireland Resumes.
Resumes and Letters: Sample Resumes from Monster Career Center.
A Word about “Scanned” Resumes in Databases from TTG Consultants.

Cover Letter Guide from Susan Ireland Resumes.
Cover Letter Help from Resume-Help.org.
Cover Letter Tips and Thank You Letter Tips from How-to-Write-a-Resume.org.
FAQs about Cover Letters by William S. Frank.
Writing Cover Letters: Sample Cover Letters from Monster Career Center.

10. Writing – Grammar Guides

The Elements of Style
Fourth Edition
by William Strunk, Jr.

The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition by William Strunk, Jr
This classic book by William Strunk, Jr. on the Elements of Style includes: Elementary Rules of Usage, Elementary Principles of Composition, Words & Expressions Commonly Misused, An Approach to Style with a List of Reminders: Place yourself in the background, Revise and rewrite, Avoid fancy words, Be clear, Do not inject opinion, Do not take shortcuts at the cost of clarity, … and much more. See details of The Elements of Style by William Strunk, Jr. online at Bartleby.com.

Common Errors in English Usage by Paul Brians
Common Errors in English Usage

Common Errors in EnglishList of Errors, More Errors,
Other Commonly Misspelled Words, and Non-Errors
By Dr. Paul Brians, Professor of English, Washington State University, Pullman, WA
Based on Common Errors in English Usage: The Book.

The Grammar Zone
From English-Zone.com
Adjectives and Adverbs, Articles, Comparatives and Superlatives, Clauses, Conditionals, Confusing Words, Nouns, Numbers, Prepositions and Conjunctions, Pronouns, and Questions. Site includes Verbs, Idioms, Paragraph Writing, and more.

The Online English Grammar
By Anthony Hughes
Free but copyrighted material. Sound files to learn to pronounce alphabet. Table of contents. Alphabetical subject index. Grammar clinic. English language practice pages. (Slow loading).

11. Writing – Research Guides

CustomWritten.com: College and University Writing Tips
By Steve Svan, former student of WSB [Wyzsza Szkola Biznesu = Advanced School of Business] National Louis University, Nowy Sacz, Poland
Guide to organized and resourceful assignments, ranging from research papers, essays, and term papers to book reports, admission essays, dissertations, and Ph.D. theses.

Guide on How to Write University Essays, Courseworks, Assignments and Dissertations
by Verena Vaneeva
Contents include: How to write an Essay, Coursework or Report, Marketing or Marketing Communications Campaign, Dissertation, How to define Issue or Argument, Research Methods, Dissertation Structure.

How to Write an A+ Research Paper
St. Francis Xavier Secondary School, Mississauga, ON
Step by step guide on how to write an excellent research paper quickly and successfully.

How to Write a Research Paper
TeacherVision.com
Establish topic, look for sources, take notes, organize ideas, write first draft, use footnotes & endnotes, write bibliography, revise first draft, and proofread final draft.

Online Writing Lab
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
Tutorial Center for Writers. Online Writing Labs (OWLs), Internet Search Tools, Resources for Writers and Teachers, Purdue Resources, Links to other WWW writing resources.

Principles of Composition
Capital Community College, Hartford, CT
The Writing Process (Outlining, Sense of Purpose, Avoiding Plagiarism, Formatting Papers, Deadly Sins Checklist), Structural Considerations (Thesis Statement, Conclusions, Five-Paragraph Essay), Patterns of Composition (Comparison & Contrast, Cause & Effect, Argumentative Essay).

QuickStudy: Library Research Guide
University of Minnesota Libraries, St. Paul/Minneapolis, MN
Learn How to Use the Library: Starting Your Research, Designing a Research Strategy, Find Books, Articles, Web Sites, Facts, Reviews, and More, Evaluating and Citing Sources, and Searching the MLA International Bibliography. Includes an Instructor’s Manual for QuickStudy.

Researchpaper.com
Produced by Bigchalk Corporation, New York, NY
Large collection of topics, ideas, and assistance for school related research projects.

The St. Martin’s Guide to Writing : Short 7th or 2004 edition by Rise B. Axelrod, Charles R. Cooper
The St. Martin's Guide to Writing : Short

A Student’s Guide to Research with the WWW
Saint Louis University, MO
Tutorial guide to conducting research on the WWW for first year college students. Anatomy of a Web page. Evaluating Web sources. Web page types. Web search strategies. Citing online sources. Glossary.

The Writers’ Workshop
Department of English, Northern Illinois University.
Students’ Resources include Editor’s Grammar and Mechanics, Quoting and Quotations, Citing Sources: The MLA Way, and Plagiarism: A MUST read. See also Tutors’ Resources, Instructors’ Resources, and Visitors’ Resources.