100 Philosophy and Psychology

100 Philosophy and Psychology

100 Philosophy

American Philosophy Study Guide by Ralph Dumain.

Ask a Philosopher from Pathways to Philosophy, with philosophical questions and answers.

Biographies. The Philosophers.

EpistemeLinks.com includes thousands of sorted links to philosophy resources on the internet. Features include “What’s New” for the latest additions of philosophy links, and “Gem of the Web” for the best of the best philosophy sites. Check out the “Gems Archive” for past Gems. This site is highly recommended for student research as it provides some of the best links to philosophy resources currently available online.

ErraticImpact.com: Philosophy Research Base. Categorized by history, subject and author. Features thousands of annotated links, text resources and community services for students and teachers of philosophy.

Directory of Philosophers A-Z. Individual Philosophers – Alphabetical Index of biographies of 188 philosophers. Individual Philosophers – Chronological Index: Ancient (to 450 AD), Mediæval (450-1450 AD), Renaissance (1450-1600), Early Modern (1600-1800), Nineteenth Century, and Twentieth Century Philosophers. See also Philosophy Sites by Topic. An excellent site loaded with philosophy resources by Dr. Peter J. King, Pembroke College, Oxford, UK.

Guide to Philosophy on the Internet by Peter Suber, Earlham College, Richmond, IN. Contents include:
General Guides includes philosophy guides in different languages
Philosophers and Philosophies – biographies of major philosophers
Philosophical Topics
Philosophy Dictionaries and Glossaries
Philosophy Quotations
Philosophy Miscellany – Humor, News, Philosophy for Children, Portraits, Timelines, and more.

The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Choose a letter to search from Table of Contents A-Z. Also searchable by Timeline, Philosophy Text Collection, or Key Words.

The Ism Book. A brief guide to philosophy in the form of a dictionary. Branches of Philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics, and Politices. Types of Isms: Tradition, Movement, School, Doctrine, Principle, Idea, Theory, System, Approach.

Librarians’ Index to the Internet: Philosophy. Lists Best of Philosophy sites on the WWW: Philosophy Directories, Philosophy Databases, and Specific Philosophy Resources. Links to websites on: Aesthetics, General Resources, American Indian Philosophy, Humanism, Ancient Greek Philosophy, Objectivism, Chinese Philosophy, Philosophers, Deconstruction, Political Theory, Dictionaries & Encyclopedias, Pragmatism, Eastern Philosophy, Secularism, Ethics, Stoics, Existentialism, Transcendentalism, Futurism, Utopias.

Philosophers. From Eric Weisstein’s World of Biography.

Philosophy Around the Web. Scroll down to see Links to a wide variety of philosophy Websites including: Why study Philosophy? Philosophy by Region, Philosophy by Topic, Philosophy Institutions, Individual Philosophers (A-Z), Directory of Philosophers (A-Z), Philosophy Journals (electronic and paper versions), and other links.

Philosophy Study Guides from SparkNotes. Include Apology, Phaedo, Republic, etc. by Plato, Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, On Liberty by John Stuart Mill, Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli, Utopia by Sir Thomas More, and other major works.

Plato / Aristotle Study Guides from About.com. Study Guides, outlines, summaries, and commentary on Aristotelian and Platonic philosophy. See also Aristotle Texts – Works by Aristotle, Aristotle Quotes, Aristotle: Works, Philosophy – Theories and writings of the philosopher Aristotle, and Overcome Your Fear of Ancient Philosophy.

The Ten Big Questions from Pathways to Philosophy. Ten of the most frequently asked questions about the nature of the universe and our place in it:

  • Big Bang Theory – how and why did the universe begin?
  • Time Travel – is time travel physically or logically possible?
  • Meaning of Life – what’s the point of living? why are we here?
  • Creation vs. Evolution – are we descended from apes?
  • Artificial Intelligence – could a computer have a mind?
  • Life After Death – what is death and why should we fear it?
  • Extraterrestrial Life – are we alone in the universe?
  • Cultural Relativism – are moral values relative or absolute?
  • Ethical Dilemmas – how do we decide between right and wrong?
  • Social Justice – should the rich help the poor?

TPM Online. The Philosophers’ Magazine on the Net. Articles organized into categories: News and Reports, Feature articles, Essays, Conference Reports, Open Debate, Primers (short articles set out the basics, e.g. snapshots of philosophers), Reviews.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Search Table of Contents A to Z of philosophers, theories, and terms. A developing dynamic encyclopedia with each entry maintained and kept up to date by an expert or group of experts.


129 Reincarnation, (Rebirth)

Karma – Meaning and Definition. What goes around comes around.

The Law of Karma. BuddhaNet Basic Buddhism Guide.

The law of Karma: how it works. Whatever you do to others – will be done to you, in this or any future incarnation of your soul.

The Law of Karma teaches that responsibility for unskillful actions is born by the person who commits them.

Reincarnation: Definition, Reimbodiment is Universal, Do Family Members Reincarnate Together? The Overriding Factor, Born Again and Again and Again: Reincarnation in Christianity, Of Reincarnation – The Ocean of Theosophy.

Reincarnation: Its meaning and consequences. Reincarnation in world religions, Past-life recall as proof for reincarnation, Reincarnation and cosmic justice, Reincarnation and Christianity.


133 Occultism, (Occult sciences), (Spiritualism)

Man and the Unknown. Object of these pages is a call for understanding of some little known spiritual and cultural aspects of life. Subjects range from paranormal voices (with sound clips), Javanese mysticism, parapsychology to modern Dutch art.

Occultopedia, an Encyclopedia of Occult Sciences and Knowledge. Topics include: Alchemy, Philosophy, Mysticism, Astrology, Numerology, Prophecy, Divination, Hoaxes, Demons, Angels, Spirits, Ghosts, End of the World, Disasters, Powers of Healing, Lost Worlds, Voodoo, Witchcraft, Myths, Heroes, Knights, Legends, Miracles, Secret Societies, Religions, Cults, Shipwrecks, Psychic Powers, Strange Customs, Amulets, Superstitions, UFOs, Extraterrestrials, Close Encounters, and more.

The Skeptic’s Dictionary:
A Collection of Strange Beliefs,
Amusing Deceptions, and Dangerous Delusions
Skeptic's Dictionary
The Skeptic’s Dictionary – A Collection of Strange Beliefs, Amusing Deceptions, and Dangerous Delusions by Robert Todd Carroll. Featuring nearly 400 definitions, arguments, and essays on occult topics ranging from acupuncture to zombies. The Skeptic’s Dictionary is a lively, commonsense trove of detailed information on all things supernatural, paranormal, and pseudoscientific. Online version available in Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Slovak, and Spanish. Contents: Alternative Medicine, Cryptozoology, ETs & UFOs, Frauds & Hoaxes, Junk Science, Logic & Perception, Science & Philosophy, Supernatural, Paranormal, New Age, Who Am I?


133.5 Astrology, Horoscopes, Zodiac

Astrocenter.com. Find your Chinese horoscope animal sign and learn what it means for your personality. Includes free daily and personal horoscope, your astrology reports, horoscopes forecasts and natal charts.

Astrology: Science or Superstition? Page answers some common questions about astrology: How does astrology work? What is astrology? Is it more than Sun signs?

in association with Astrology.ca Astrology.ca. Compatibility Chart plus:
Daily Horoscopes: Aries | Taurus | Gemini | Cancer | Leo | Virgo | Libra | Scorpio | Sagittarius | Capricorn | Aquarius | Pisces Weekly Horoscopes: Aries | Taurus | Gemini | Cancer | Leo | Virgo | Libra | Scorpio | Sagittarius | Capricorn | Aquarius | Pisces

Birthstones, Zodiac Stones and Birthstone Colors. Modern and Traditional Birthstones. Click on any link for more information on birthstones, history, photos, properties, etc.

Chinese Horoscopes from Chinatown Online.co.uk. “The Chinese have named years after animals for thousands of years. In fact, the Chinese zodiac system is extremely complex, based on an ancient agricultural calendar.” On this site you will find a summary guide of Chinese horoscopes, which include not only your Chinese year of birth but also your Chinese month of birth. Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Ram, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, Pig.

Star Astrologer. Astro Compatibility, Weekly, Monthly and Yearly Horoscopes, Chinese Horoscopes, About Planets, Free Sample Personal Astrology Profile, and more. Includes Chinese Astrology.

Tour of the Planets from AdZe MiXXe. Includes Your Sun Sign, Celebrity Horoscopes.


142 Existentialsm, (Philosophers, Modern)

Existentialism: An Introduction. Contents of Existential Primer: Basic Existentialism, Famous Names (Biographies of Fyodor Dostoevsky, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Georg W.F. Hegel, Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Franz Kafka, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Albert Camus, and Karl Jaspers), Definitions, Existential Ethics, Shared Values, Religion & Faith, The Individual, Divisions in Thought, Metaphysicians, Politicians, Existentialism in Context, Philosophical Evolution, World History, and Existential Resources.


150 Psychology

National Mental Health Association. Massive site covers: Affiliate Services (links to 330 NMHA affiliates in U.S.); Adult Mental Health/C.A.R.E.; Anxiety Disorders; Clinical Depression; Children and Families; Consumer Advocacy/Rights; Information Center; News Room; Public Education; Prevention; Federal and State Government Affairs; Healthcare Reform; Event Calendar; Search NMHA Web site.

PsychCrawler. Indexing the Web for the best in psychology. Full-text articles.

Psychology – Terminology. A-Z. You can add a new term to the database if you think the missing terminology is important to the field of Psychology.

Selfhelp Magazine. A mental health site created by over 300 volunteer professionals. Categories include Articles (wide variety of topics, A-Z), Discussion (anonymous forum, over 95 topics), Psychology Resources on the Web, Psychtoon (psychological humor of cartoonists), and others.

Spark Notes: Psychology. Study guides on: Developmental Psychology, Personality Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, and Neuropsychology.


152.4 Attitude (Psychology), Emotions, Prejudices, (Prejudice), (Discrimination)

Experience of Age Discrimination : the evidence from Third Age Employment Network. See also A Touch of Grey – Age Discrimination.

Project Implicit. Go to Demonstrations and try an Implicit Association Test (IAT) to Measure Your Attitudes. Test Topics include: Age IAT, Gender IAT, Race IAT, Countries IAT, Sexuality IAT, Weight IAT. Besides United States, IATs are available for Australia, Canada, France, India, South Africa, and United Kingdom.

Understanding Prejudice. Hundreds of Prejudice-Related Bibliographies, links to books, research journals, magazines, e-zines, newsletters, special reports, articles, essays, and more. Exercises and Demonstrations include Slide Tour of Prejudice, Implicit Association Test (Race Test, Gender Test) – Test Yourself for Hidden Biases, and other tests.


153.1 Memory, Psychology of Learning, (Thought and thinking), (Intellect), (Mind), (Understanding)


The Memory Prescription:
Dr. Gary Small’s
14-Day Plan to Keep
Your Brain and Body Young
The Memory Prescription: Dr. Gary Small's 14-Day Plan to Keep Your Brain and Body Young
Searching for Memory:
The Brain,
the Mind,
and the Past
by Daniel L. Schacter
Searching for Memory: The Brain, the Mind, and the Past, by Daniel Schacter

Feeling Stuck on Your Essay?

Get Expert Help for All of Your
Writing Needs!

Hire Writer
image Top Rated
image Delivery in as
Little as 3hrs
image Money-Back
image Unlimited 24/7
Live Support


Hidden Memories: Fact or Fantasy? by Barry L. Beyerstein and James R. P. Ogloff. Issue: “hidden” or “repressed” memories of child abuse or child sexual abuse. From Science & Pseudoscience Review in Mental Health — Resource Archive hosted by The Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice (SRMHP).

Memorization Techniques – Tips to Improve Memory. Memory has two parts: Concentration (you have to get it before you can forget it) and Recall. Ideal conditions to Improve Concentration and Recall, in class and while studying – from Willamette University, Salem OR.

Memory from Skeptic’s Dictionary. “Memory is the retention of, and ability to recall, information, personal experiences, and procedures (skills and habits). There is no universally agreed upon model of the mind/brain, and no universally agreed upon model of how memory works.” Contents include: a popular model of memory; forgetting; source memory; amnesia and implicit memory; semantic, procedural, and episodic memory; accuracy of memory; How does memory work? See also false memory.

Memory. “Your memory is your brain’s filing system. It contains everything you have learnt.” From Science Museum.org.uk. Contents: Losing memory, Types of memory, Early memories, Improving your memory, Where are your memories? Deja vu, How does your memory work? See also What is déjà vu? from howstuffworks.

Memory Improvement Tools. Improve your memory techniques from Mind Tools. Include: How to… Learn a Foreign Language, How to… Remember Information for Exams, How to… Remember People’s Names, How to… Remember Lists and Long Numbers, and more.

Memory Loss from MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia.

Memory Loss: Learn the Basics from Aetna InteliHealth. FAQs, Types of Memory, How Memory Works, Forgetfulness and Age-Associated Memory Impairment, Forgetfulness: It’s Not Always What You Think – Diagnosis, Treatment, Advice for Today, Resources.

Memory Loss – Should I Be Concerned? by Margaret Winker, MD, from American Geriatrics Society. Q&As include: What causes memory problems? What if I have probable Alzheimer’s Disease?

Memory Loss With Aging: What’s Normal, What’s Not from familydoctor.org. Topics include: How does the brain store information? How does aging change the brain? What are some other causes of memory problems? How does Alzheimer’s disease change memory?

Searching for Memory: The Brain, the Mind, and the Past by Daniel Schacter – Book Review by Bob Carroll. Topics covered include: daily amnesia, dream amnesia, limited amnesia, effects of alcohol, brain injuries and physical or psychological traumas on memory, repressed memories, memory distortion, memory in children, hypnosis and memory, emotions in memory, flashbacks (deja vu), photographic memory, and more.

Tips for Improving Your Memory – Basic Memory Skills from The Study Hall, Dallas TX.


153.93 Intelligence tests, (IQ tests)

Mensa Workout. Quiz provided by Mensa International for entertainment purposes only. This is not an IQ test. You have 30 minutes to answer 30 questions.

Puzz.com. This 200+ page site hosts IQ tests, puzzles, games, trivia, freebies, a webmaster affiliate program, and contests for prizes.


155.2 Personality, Body image, Self-esteem, Self-acceptance, Self-perception, Self-confidence, Self-consciousness, Self-realization

Our Bodies, Ourselves:
A New Edition for a New Era

Our Bodies, Ourselves : A New Edition for a New Era
Body Image. Book excerpt from Our Bodies, Ourselves : A New Edition for a New Era. Chapter 1. Body Image – Life is a Beauty Pageant: “Our individual experiences also affect how we feel about our bodies. If we have experienced violence or abuse, we may feel unsafe in our bodies. … How do we nurture a positive body image …” The Media Lies: “It’s hard to imagine a world where idealized female imagery is not plastered everywhere. … The image of “perfection” we see in the media excludes women with disabilities.” Includes Body Image Web Links.

Body Image. List of Fiction, Non-Fiction, and Media (Video or DVD) titles relating to body image chosen for middle and high school students. Compiled by Mary Hofmann, School Library Journal.

Body Image and Your Health. What is body image? – from National Women’s Health Information Center. Contents include:

  • Body Image – Why are so many women unhappy with their bodies?
  • Healthy Eating – Overall, about one third of all women are obese.
  • Staying Active – An active lifestyle can help every woman.
  • Cosmetic Surgery – According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, more than 8.7 million cosmetic surgery procedures were done in 2003.
  • Eating Disorders – Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder are all types of eating disorders. … Eating disorders are more than just a problem with food.
  • Body Image and Your Kids: Your body image plays a role in theirs – Many teenage girls of average weight think they are overweight and are not satisfied with their bodies.
  • BodyWise Handbook – includes fact sheets and resource lists design to help health care providers and school personnel to detect eating disorders among adolescents and provide suggestions for promoting positive body image and healthy eating behaviors.

BodyPositive® Boosting body image at any weight. Site designed for educational purposes by Debora Burgard, Ph.D., a licensed psychologist practicing in Los Altos, CA. “BodyPositive looks at ways we can feel good in the bodies we have. Remember, your body hears everything you think.” Table of Contents includes A BodyPositive Approach, Why Weight Neutrality? The Emotional Immune System – “… you can be any size and hate your body, and you can be any size and accept your body. You can also be any size and be vulnerable to the assumptions made by the public about you based on your body’s appearance …” and much more.

Personality Quiz. A variety of fun personality tests that provide analysis and advice by interpreting the user’s answers to various questions and events.

Personality Test Center. Discover your personality type.

Personality Tests. Tests are for your entertainment only, including Money Personality Test, What Type of Investor Are You, Type A Personality Test, ColorQuiz, Career Values Inventory, The 3 Sides of You®, Keirsey Temperament Sorter, and more.

Personality Tests and Tools. Include Global Personality Test, Right Left Brain Tests, Enneagram Tests, Myers-Briggs-Jung Tests, Jung Typology Test, The Big Five Personality Test, Personality Disorder Test, Compatibility Tests, Word Association Test, and more.


174 Bioethics, Medical ethics, (Biological ethics), (Biology – Ethics), (Biomedical ethics), (Life sciences ethics), (Moral issues

Bioethics.net. Moral implications of science, medicine and research. Topics covered: Bioethics for beginners, Cloning and genetics, ER (TV drama) bioethics, Assisted suicide, Links to journal articles.

BioethicsWeb offers free access to a searchable catalogue of Internet sites and resources covering biomedical ethics.

Medical Ethics from American Medical Association (AMA). Includes: AMA Code of Medical Ethics – For more than 155 years, the AMA Code of Medical Ethics has been considered the most comprehensive ethics guide for physicians on a wide range of patient-physician issues. Virtual Mentor – An interactive, Web-based forum for analysis and discussion of ethical and professional issues that medical students, residents and young physicians encounter during their educational training.


179 Euthanasia, Right to die, Suicide, (Doctor assisted suicide), (Physician assisted suicide), (Mercy death), (Mercy killing), (Death with dignity), Pro-choice movement, (Abortion rights movement), (Freedom of choice movement), (Pro-abortion movement), (Right to choose movement), Pro-life movement, (Anti-abortion movement), (Antiabortion movement), (Right-to-life movement)

Doctor-Assisted Suicide. A guide to Web sites and general literature on euthanasia. Presents both sides of the issue. Includes links to journals and newspaper articles, books, Web sites, radio and TV programs, chronology of assisted suicide, details on the Oregon Death with Dignity Act, as well as some U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on euthanasia.

Euthanasia.com. Information for research on euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, living wills, and mercy killing. This site is committed to the belief that the direct killing of another person is wrong.

Laws Concerning Euthanasia from The Euthanasia Research & Guidance Organization (ERGO!), a nonprofit educational corporation based in Oregon, USA. ERGO! holds that voluntary euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, and self-deliverance, are all appropriate life endings depending on the individual medical and ethical circumstances.

Prevent Suicide Now.com – Suicide Prevention, Awareness. Comprehensive site with numerous articles, hotlines, and resources. Topics include: Suicide Warning Signs, Suicide Causes, Depression and Suicide, Domestic Violence and Suicide, Suicide Myths, Suicide Statistics, Bullying and Suicide, Racism and Suicide, How to Help a Suicidal Person, and more.

Right to Die: an issue guide from Public Agenda Online. A nonpartisan, nonprofit public opinion research and citizen education organization based in New York City. Site provides facts and policy alternatives, and offers a detailed profile of public thinking about the Right to Die.

Suicide Facts from National Strategy for Suicide Prevention (NSSP). Include links to: FAQs About Suicide, Suicide Facts & Statistics, Teen Suicide, Suicide and the Elderly, Depression & Suicide, Statistics: Native American and Black Suicide Rates, and many other related topics.

Whose Right to Die? Site is against legalization of physician-assisted suicide and voluntary euthanasia. Includes a link to Death, Legal and Illegal by a Catholic theologian.


181 Chinese philosophy, Hindu philosophy

China: Philosophy and Religion. East and Southeast Asia: An Annotated Directory of Internet Resources. Includes: Confucianism, Taoism, The Book of Changes, Chinese Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism. The Chinese Philosophy Page includes links to Religion and Rebellion in China, Shamanism in Chinese culture, and the Chinese Philosophical Etext Archive based at Wesleyan University. (Slow loading)

Feng Shui as defined by the Skeptic’s Dictionary. Includes links to Feng Shui FAQ, Fengshui Gate: Essays on the origin of Feng Shui, Feng Shui Society: Practical application of Feng Shui, Pronunciation of Feng Shui, Feng Shui strands, Feng Shui consultations, and a Feng Shui glossary. See also What is Feng Shui? A Brief Feng Shui Introduction.

Taoism Information Page. Links to: Introductions to Taoism, Chinese language and culture, Tao Te Ching, I Ching, The Sun-tzu Art of War, Alchemy and Feng Shui, Buddhism and Confucianism, Chinese Philosophy, Taoism and Martial Arts, Taoism and Modernity. Links to Asian Studies, Religion, and China Studies.

World of Feng Shui. Feng Shui as it relates to Career, Children, Education, Fame, Family, Health, Love, Mentors, Networking, Wealth, plus Astrology, Colors, Feng Shui Almanac, Celebrity, Tip of the Month, as well as Feng Shui around the world: Feng Shui Australia, Brunei, Hawaii, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Spain, UK and USA.